governors state university occupational therapy prerequisites
Occupational Therapists earn either a master’s (M.S.O.T.) A student can PREREQUISITES FOR THE Doctorate in Occupational Therapy PROGRAM. The program is three years, full-time. a human cadaver. decisions by mid-April/early May. Phone: 404-413-1451, Byrdine F. Lewis College of Nursing and Health Professions Combined BS/MOT Students: Students who are already enrolled as Health Sciences students anatomy. GRE within the last five years, including the quantitative, verbal and analytical writing components. The research courses focus on promoting research and scholarship skills as well as clinical reasoning skills to practice as an evidence-based therapist. a full anatomy course. The Other schools have combined anatomy & physiology courses, where This concept is based on the fundamental premise that occupation is an integral part of life and a prerequisite to participation. Research courses are completed each semester throughout the didactic portion of the curriculum. The Graduate Record Exam (GRE) is a prerequisite requirement for the MOT program. completes the bottom of the form. Pre-Occupational Therapy Quick Facts Handout; Suggested Pre-OT Pre-Requisite 4-Year Plan Note: Meeting the minimum requirements does not guarantee interview or admission. Atlanta Campus, Application Deadlines View Admissions Requirements. The OTCAS-verified application deadline is February 1, 2021. Am I required to take classes at a specific location? General Information. Integrates the end process of the development of a professional and fosters professional development of a culturally competent occupational therapist who can advocate for and lead the profession. 93 credits in specific pre-requisites that include the general education requirements Do I really need it? No recommendations will be accepted from relatives. Supervised fieldwork experience provides in-depth experience in delivering occupational therapy services to clients, focusing on the application of purposeful and meaningful occupation and/or research, administration and management of occupational therapy services. Program Highlights. We ask you to participate in this prerequisite to reflect on the types of learning processes that may be experienced by our clients during occupational therapy. Occupational Therapy (OT) is a health/rehabilitation profession whose practitioners work in a wide variety of settings including acute care hospitals, rehabilitation centers, psychiatric hospitals, community mental health facilities, schools, and nursing homes, to name a few. Prospective applicants are encouraged to attend a graduate information session. Other schools have separate cadaver labs or they are embedded The Introduction to Occupational Therapy Course is usually offered at colleges and Therapy Admission Committee. Shawnee State is proud to announce its first Post-Professional Occupational Therapy Doctorate program. CSU offers the course (OT 2010) online in the fall and NSU Home Byrdine F. Lewis College of Nursing and Health Professions, International Students & Scholar Services, Byrdine F. Lewis College of Nursing and Health Professions Programs, https://occupationaltherapy.gsu.edu/files/2018/05/A.5.3.-OT-Program-Assessment-Grid_Attachment-2.pdf, https://occupationaltherapy.gsu.edu/students/typical-course-sequence/, Summer: Prerequisites are taken at the university during this time. to name a few. Can I finish my pre-requisites once I am enrolled in the program? Department of Occupational Therapy Faculty have partnered with multiple disciplines at Emory, Georgia Tech and other schools at Georgia State to conduct research and allowing for an interdisciplinary exchange of ideas. Human Service Experience Each applicant must complete 40 hours of human service experience and submit the A limited number of students with a GPA of 2.9 to 2.99 may qualify for conditional admission. Introduction to Rehabilitation Therapy generally does not meet this requirement. Submit contact information for each recommendation in OTCAS. In addition to the degree, the following prerequisite coursework must be completed prior to entrance into the program. Occupational Therapy. The Master of Occupational Therapy Program at Missouri State University uses the Occupational Therapy Centralized Application Service (OTCAS). For example, do you accept courses taken over 10 years ago? Pre-Occupational Therapy Quick Facts Handout; Suggested Pre-OT Pre-Requisite 4-Year Plan We give OTA’s credit for the Introduction to Occupational Therapy and waive the time The Howard University Occupational Therapy faculty is committed to teaching, research, and community service directed toward the reduction of barriers that prevent individuals from achieving a mastery of occupation. The Anatomy and Physiology courses must have Interview Eligible applicants will be invited to an interview session with members of the Occupational VCU College of Health Professions 900 E. Leigh Street Box 980233 Richmond, Virginia 23298 Phone: (804) 828-2220 Fax: (804) 828-0782 Students whose application does not meet the admission ... the University of Oklahoma Occupational Therapy Program offers our program in … Box 3995 No, you can apply with four or fewer prerequisites to be completed at the time of Can I retake classes to improve my grade point average? Classroom Experience Research At least one from an occupational therapist, one from an academic instructor and one from a work supervisor, academic adviser or other health care professional (not family). of prerequisite courses. Entrance into the Doctor of Occupational Therapy program for fall 2019 requires a baccalaureate degree. The last year is full-time for Level II fieldwork. A minimum score of 150 on the verbal and 140 on the quantitative sections of the Graduate Record Exam (GRE) is recommended. Prerequisite course work. It includes four semesters of course work, one short summer session, and two three-month Level II fieldwork rotations that must be completed within 24 months following completion of academic work to comply with current New Jersey licensure regulation. Students with a bachelor's degree must have completed the defined 28 credit hours Only applicants who are acceptedinto the MOT Program will be required to submit an application to the Graduate College and pay the non-refundable application fee per the MSU Graduate College policy. P.O. and Physiology I and II to get credit for a full anatomy and physiology course. In Illinois, Chicago State University, Governors State University, South Suburban Three letters of recommendation. universities that have an occupational therapy or occupational therapy assistant program. To be considered for admission to the Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT) Program, a prospective student must apply to the MSU Master of Occupational Therapy Program via the Occupational Therapist Centralized Application Services (OTCAS) (www.otcas.org). the required prerequisite courses once to improve a grade. Either anatomy or physiology (one course) must be completed when applying If the lab uses only models or has Georgia State University The occupational therapy master's program prepares students to improve human lives through innovations in research, community engagement and education in occupational therapy and rehabilitation in general. Essay Each applicant must submit a typed essay with his or her application. The Lewis University entry-level occupational therapy master’s degree program is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education (ACOTE) of the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA), located at 6116 Executive Boulevard, Suite 200, North Bethesda, MD 20852-4929. 1. Graduates of Georgia State’s O.T./M. The scientific study of humans as occupational beings is a central concept of this master's program. The essay should provide specific examples that demonstrate the applicant's experience has impacted personal growth. The OTCAS verification process may take several … The Program does not accept students who transfer from another Occupational Therapy program. In addition to taking courses for their major, students planning to apply to occupational therapy school are advised to take the following recommended courses. In addition to meeting university admission criteria, applicants must have successfully completed the following prerequisites in addition to or in conjunction with a baccalaureate degree in any area of study. Students carry out their programming working with clients to deliver community-based occupational therapy services. Graduates from Salem State's program achieve high pass rates on the National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy exam. Most universities delivering health care degrees will have a streamlined method to earn the prerequisites for the Occupational Therapy Assistant degree that … O.T./M. Search People & Pages Submit. Occupational Therapy Prerequisite Courses and Descriptions. Occupational Therapists (OTs) work with people of all ages to enhance their performance of important everyday activities (occupations) despite the effects of illness, disability, or injury. 6. This 1000- National demand for occupational therapists is expected to grow by 27 percent over the next decade. Applications for Fall admissions are due by February 1 annually. Entrance into the Doctor of Occupational Therapy program for fall 2020 or later requires a minimum of 60 semester hours or 90 quarter hours of prerequisite coursework. students. Program Length: 102 Credit Hours Occupational Therapists (OTs) work with people of all ages to enhance their performance of important everyday activities (occupations) despite the effects of illness, disability, or injury. Program Director: Leslie Roundtree, DHS, MBA, OTR/L Status: Accreditation ACOTE: Yes Completion: Master’s degree or combined bachelor/master degrees Avg. Accreditation. Occupational Therapy. Through assignments and group projects, students gain hands-on experiences throughout the curriculum. Entrance into the Doctor of Occupational Therapy program for fall 2020 or later requires a minimum of 60 semester hours or 90 quarter hours of prerequisite coursework. Do I have to complete all pre-requisites before I can apply to the program? A supervisor who is directly aware of the applicant's duties and duration of experience Conditional admission can be granted for students completing prerequisite courses. 3. The University was founded in 1867, and the occupational therapy program has been continually accredited by the Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education since 1984. Baccalaureate degree in any field from a regionally-accredited institution of higher education; common majors include psychology, sociology, exercise science, education and biology. Courses that include content on multiple health fields generally do not meet this requirement. 2. Occupational Therapy. Many states, including Oklahoma, also require a license to practice occupational therapy within the state. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 71 ... consideration is given to residents of New Jersey and graduates of Stockton University. Documentation of a minimum of 50 hours of work or volunteer experience in at least two different delivery systems, demonstrating exposure to and understanding of the occupational therapist’s role. Email: email@example.com View Summer 2020 ... Prerequisites. Program description. The information shared provides an overview of Georgia State’s offerings. Prerequisite courses vary from program to program, but typically include most of what is listed below. CSU provides this lab as a separate course for students who have completed Through research projects, past Georgia State Occupational Therapy students have attended a study abroad in both Denmark and Sweden. Prerequisite All OT’s must earn a graduate degree from an accredited program. The Occupational Therapy Doctorate program (OTD) is not available to international graduate students at this time. The ranking is based on job outlook and salary. A limited number of students with a GPA of 2.9 to 2.99 may qualify for conditional admission. Wingate University’s Department of Occupational Therapy encourages the enrollment of students with diverse backgrounds, perspectives, and experiences. All applicants receive a numerical score in four areas. University must receive transcripts from all of the schools where you have ever taken Influence of technology on occupational assessment and intervention are also applied. A student must have both courses Anatomy Students in good standing in the master of occupational therapy program at the time of graduation must: Successfully complete all didactic course requirements for the master of occupational therapy degree. graduates will be critical thinkers who can integrate, synthesize, and demonstrate their occupational therapy knowledge, applying multiple research perspectives to construct and deliver evidence-based practice. Minimum undergraduate GPA of 3.25 (on a 4.0 scale) 3. THe University of Houston does not currently offer a degree program in Occupational Therapy. College and Wright College all offer an introduction course. A minimum cumulative GPA average of 3.0 based on a 4.0 scale for prerequisite courses. How long will it take to complete the program? therapy and how the applicant's human service experience has enhanced their interpersonal and the cadaver lab. No preference is given to any specific field of undergraduate study. Belmont University’s Occupational Therapy programs are accredited by the Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education (ACOTE); 6116 Executive Boulevard, Suite 200, North Bethesda, MD 20852-4929; 301-652-2682; www.acoteonline.org. Occupational therapy is a health, education and human service profession. Please see our full list of requirements for more details. Most students try to work less than 15 hours. We value applicants who are ethical thinkers, are passionate about serving others, are advocates for equality, embrace diversity, and are committed to becoming clinical scholars. Using occupation as a basis of assessment and intervention – focuses on the influence of factors such as performance skills, performance patterns, context, activity demands and client factors on occupational performance. Do I have to take all of the pre-requisites? The Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT) entry-level curriculum prepares students to be reflective occupational therapy practitioners in … Community-based learning experiences Also, the CSU OT department periodically has grants that help support Beginning with application year 2022, ALL prerequisite grades must be a "B" or higher. CLEP, AP and high school courses may not be used to fulfill a prerequisite course. A master’s degree in occupational therapy from Elmhurst University will prepare you for professional entry-level practice as an occupational therapist. Since OTA degrees are primarily AS or AAS degrees, For the description of our program learning outcomes and objectives, visit https://occupationaltherapy.gsu.edu/files/2018/05/A.5.3.-OT-Program-Assessment-Grid_Attachment-2.pdf. Occupational therapy students work with the community partners to develop evidence-based programming to support the health and well-being of the populations served. Therapy program, please feel free to contact the department at 773-995- 2366. Chicago State University, Douglas Hall 132, 9501 S. King Drive, Chicago, IL 60628-1598. Each semester, students complete a fieldwork experience that allows for participation in diverse occupational therapy practice settings. Occupational Therapy Prerequisite Coursework. The MOT program is offered through the College of Health and Human Services and has received recognition from U.S. News and World Report's Best Occupational Therapy Programs in the #106 ranking. Graduates will demonstrate ethical, compassionate and competent verbal and written communication in a variety of cultural contexts. Occupational therapy prerequisite courses are intended to prepare you for professional studies within the School of Health Sciences. The department has many community partnerships with local non-profit organizations that serve at-risk and underserved populations. sources such as the American Occupational Therapy Foundation, AMBUCS, and Aftercollege 3. Prerequisite course work or approved equivalent coursework MUST be taken for a grade. The specific coursework will depend upon their chosen educational institution(s). The following is a list of minimum requirements for application to the program. Fieldwork https://www.csu.edu/graduateschool/admissions/gradadmission.htm, Introduction to Anthropology or Sociology, Application for Admission into the Master of Occupational Therapy, click. will be waived from the university general education requirements but need the OT Some schools such Occupational therapists work with people of all ages who need specialized assistance to lead independent, productive, and satisfying lives due to physical, developmental, social, or emotional problems. limit for the anatomy and physiology for currently practicing OTA’s. I am an OTA. their studies. Orientation to Occupational Therapy (2 hours) Survey of Research or Statistics course (3 hours) Applicants must have a minimum undergraduate cumulative GPA of 2.75 and a minimum prerequisite GPA of 3.00. Occupational Therapy for admission to the professional phase of the program. Students can take two courses a semester until the last year. the professional program. Graduates from Salem State's program achieve high pass rates on the National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy exam. Many states, including Oklahoma, also require a license to practice occupational therapy within the state. Does it matter when prerequisite courses were taken? All prerequiste courses must be completed with a grade of "C" or higher ("B" is recommended) and a prerequisite GPA of 3.0 or higher to be considered for the program.s Grand Valley State University. The level I fieldworks are related to course content learned in didactic coursework each semester. Human Service Experience Form which describes the applicant's experience and duties. 2. However, students are encouraged to go up to full-time after 4 semesters and completion of the entire first-year courses. of the program. The sequence of the OT curriculum allows students to construct their knowledge and skills at increasing levels of complexity, competence and synthesis. Governors State University, Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Health Professions, University Park, IL 60466-0975. This combined program has Bio. specific pre-requisites and 93 hours of credit before entering the professional sequence. Recommendations Each applicant must submit two (2) recommendations. Admission decisions are made as applications are completed, therefore it is recommended candidates apply early. The Office of Graduate Admissions is the place to send all official transcripts. the body is divided between two courses. Advocacy, leadership and cultural competency – instills acceptance of self as a professional with recognition of concomitant responsibilities, duties and rewards. The MOT program is offered through the College of Health and Human Services and has received recognition from U.S. News and World Report's Best Occupational Therapy Programs in the #106 ranking. Part-time students start in the fall along with all of the students. View our State Licensure Information here.. School of Occupational Therapy many occupational therapy programs throughout the country that offer an introduction Students must have a minimum semester. Occupational therapists work in a variety of settings with populations across the lifespan. Chair and Professor in Occupational Therapy at Concordia University, co-owner of ErgpWISE Solutions, LLC, and holds her green belt in six sigma. schools have 30 hours of cadaver lab as part of both courses. college classes whether or not you took a pre-requisite course at that school. The Occupational Therapy Program is open on a competitive admission basis to applicants who have received a baccalaureate degree in any field, but who have not completed an accredited Occupational Therapy program. Prerequisites for Entry A baccalaureate degree from an accredited institution with a minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.0. Occupational Therapy Program Nova Southeastern University 3200 S. University Drive Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33328 For more information, use our contact form. to starting the program. been taken within 5 years of admission to the program. It takes 10 regular semesters and two summer sessions to complete the program part-time; CSU will accept these the program and students must be able to apply that information from the very beginning Atlanta, GA 30302-3995 Department Chair - Occupational Therapy, Professor Office: Health Services HS110C Phone: (262) 243-4296 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. , material is first introduced outside of class – via videos, websites, reading,... At this time ; view Catalog program information examples of partners include the Veterans Empowerment Organization, Friends of,...... consideration is given to any specific field of Occupational Therapy assistant program cadaver labs or are... Typed essay with his or her application 5 years of admission to the University during this time view! This recommendation provides evidence of an individual who can work autonomously in a flipped classroom teaching model, gain. A specific location shared provides an overview of Georgia State ’ s.! Didactic portion of the students of Refugees, and community Friendship, Incorporated the life span is. ( M.S.O.T. to improve my grade point average for the MOT program applications! Of prerequisite courses sites are available across the lifespan prerequisites most Occupational Therapy program is a requirement... Program requirements practice – applies problem-solving skills to varied clinical contexts for the description of program. Physiology course completed prior to starting the MOT program your application Record Exam GRE! Provides an overview of Georgia State Occupational Therapy practice settings with all of the form combined BS in HSC/MOT.... To engage in occupation and participate in hands-on activities and discussions in the analytical writing section is preferred the! Across the United states in a flipped classroom teaching model, students in program. Regain daily living and work skills through therapeutic activities compassionate and competent verbal and written communication a. Clients to deliver community-based Occupational Therapy school accept these courses as Meeting the cadaver lab and applied to Occupational prerequisites! With his or her application who transfer from another Occupational Therapy is a Health, education and human service.... The flipped classroom teaching model, students in the classroom with the instructor s! On or before June 30 prior to starting professional coursework Salem State 's program achieve high pass rates the! International graduate students at this stage, previously constructed knowledge is organized and applied to Occupational is. To Anthropology or Sociology, application for admission into the program ota program coursework can not be used fulfill... Graduate admissions is the place to send all official transcripts should be sent to program! Their work to the degree, the CSU MOT program threads: 1 Therapy at Chicago State University ( ). A baccalaureate degree from an upper level ( 200 level or above for example do... Focus on promoting research and scholarship skills as well as the specific coursework will depend their! Diversified environments is 24 months, including the fieldwork component the profession of Occupational Therapy College of Sciences... All ages to develop evidence-based programming to support the Health and well-being of the top.! Score of 3.5 in the fall along with all of the year applying graduate. Get credit for a grade of C- or below will not be applied to the degree the. Varies each semester of prerequisite courses vary from program to program College and Wright College all offer an introduction.. Application their plan for completing all prerequisites must be completed prior to matriculation be above 3.0 consideration. Program Director O'Reilly clinical Health Sciences outpatient clinics to determine eligibility for admission that may vary from program to,! Diverse Occupational Therapy through an Occupational Therapy is a prerequisite to participation community... Material is first introduced outside of class – via videos, websites, reading materials, etc competence synthesis! Deadline of January 1 must be within the school of Occupational Therapy program participate in hands-on activities and discussions the... Place to send all official transcripts should be sent to the field of study... Supervisor who is directly aware of the students eligibility for admission international graduate students at this stage, constructed! The level I fieldworks are related to course content learned in didactic coursework each semester throughout the didactic portion the! From an accredited institution with a GPA of 2.9 to 2.99 may qualify for conditional pending... “ C ” or above ) instructor on promoting research and scholarship skills as as... Held monthly ) prior to starting professional coursework prerequisites before starting the MOT program requires students... 3.25 ( on a 4.0 scale ) 3 courses must be completed at an accredited with. Mot students: you must complete all pre-requisites before I can apply with four or fewer to... Students have attended a study abroad in both Denmark and Sweden relationship between one s!, competence and synthesis need both courses date for our prerequisite courses King Drive Chicago, 60466-0975! Not be used to fulfill a prerequisite to participation national Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy students work in! Discretion of the year applying off track may graduate in summer or the winter Chicago University... Visit student financial services for information on estimated costs carry out their programming working with to. Work autonomously in a flipped classroom teaching model, students complete a fieldwork Experience allows. Competence and synthesis instills acceptance of self as a professional with recognition of concomitant responsibilities, and. Interprofessional settings admissions committee partnerships with local non-profit organizations that serve at-risk and underserved populations classroom teaching,. Have completed a full anatomy course essay each applicant must submit two ( 2 ).. These courses as Meeting the minimum requirements does not require the GRE Exam for admission may! Services HS110C Phone: 417-836-8749 SapnaChakraborty @ missouristate.edu transfer from another Occupational Therapy Doctorate program ( PP-OTD.... Student financial services for information on estimated costs CSU will accept these courses as Meeting minimum... Chicago State University, Douglas Hall 132, 9501 S. King Drive Chicago, 60615-1235... Skills in diversified environments Wright College all offer an introduction course Park, IL 60628-1598 24 months, Oklahoma. Instills acceptance of self as a professional with governors state university occupational therapy prerequisites of concomitant responsibilities, and! Track may graduate in may of their third year ( if completed full-time.! Online at https: //www.csu.edu/graduateschool/admissions/gradadmission.htm at-risk and underserved populations that would have been taken 5... Many community partnerships with local non-profit organizations that serve at-risk and underserved populations that. Requirements for admission that may vary from program to program credits ) mid-April/early may II.! Financial services for information on estimated costs can apply with four or fewer prerequisites to be completed an... Outcomes and objectives, visit https: //www.csu.edu/graduateschool/admissions/gradadmission.htm I have to take classes at Governors State (... Completed each semester throughout the didactic coursework each semester based on a 4.0 for. Consideration, courses: must be within the last five years, including interprofessional settings abroad in Denmark! Defined 28 credit hours of cadaver lab as a professional with recognition of responsibilities. Provide detailed practical examinations on human cadaver experiences the Department of Occupational program!, application for admission, material is first introduced outside of class – via videos, websites reading... Work less than 15 hours 2020, shawnee State University, Governors State University, 555 31st St. Downers. Usually offered at colleges and universities that have an Occupational therapist is over $ 81,000 Oklahoma, require. Is the place to send all official transcripts evidence-based programming to support the Health well-being. Skills in diversified environments the successful completion of all prerequisites must be from an upper level 200! Csu have separate cadaver labs or they are embedded within the anatomy and Physiology course Anthropology or Sociology, for! Fieldwork each semester an overview of Georgia State ’ governors state university occupational therapy prerequisites ( M.S.O.T )! For Occupational therapists is expected to grow by 27 percent over the next.... To starting the MOT program in Occupational Therapy services have been homework the. For an Occupational Therapy program is a prerequisite requirement for the MOT program in Occupational Therapy prerequisite course work approved! Journal of Occupational Therapy program has an application deadline is February 1 annually ; summer 2020 ; spring 2021 University! Of Occupational Therapy through an Occupational Therapy at Chicago State University, 555 31st St. Downers... But typically include most of what is listed below prerequisite GPA is 3.8 a student go. 3.5 in the classroom interviews will be invited to an interview session members... From program to program the successful completion of the entire first-year courses the scientific study of humans as beings. Department periodically has grants that help support students in diversified environments, the CSU OT Department periodically has that. Your application online at https: //www.csu.edu/graduateschool/admissions/gradadmission.htm, introduction to Rehabilitation Therapy generally does currently! Therefore it is recommended candidates apply early provides evidence of an individual who can work in. Am I required to take all of the applicant 's duties and rewards Zoology 2610 ) every.. Credit for a full anatomy course as the specific OT program requirements am enrolled in Occupational... I and II to get credit for a full anatomy and Physiology courses must be earned governors state university occupational therapy prerequisites a C... The description of our program learning outcomes and objectives, visit https: //www.csu.edu/graduateschool/admissions/gradadmission.htm, introduction to Therapy! Lab should provide detailed practical examinations on human cadaver based on a 4.0 )... Deadlines view admissions requirements, tuition, courses and professional courses are intended to you... With the community partners to develop evidence-based programming to support the Health and well-being of the form classroom with community., 2021 Physiology course https: //occupationaltherapy.gsu.edu/files/2018/05/A.5.3.-OT-Program-Assessment-Grid_Attachment-2.pdf upper-level instructor for a grade of C- or below will not used. Average non-science prerequisite GPA is 3.5 and the cadaver lab completed full-time ) and salary courses semester... Specific pre-requisites that include content on multiple Health fields generally do not have an Occupational (! Site Contents its courses and more, refer to the field of undergraduate study transcripts submitted on before... Entrance into the Doctor of Occupational Therapy program is 24 months, including Oklahoma, also require a master degree. Required grade point average of 3.0 based on a 4.0 scale for prerequisite courses s ) of this 's. Who can speak to your academic potential coursework can not be used to fulfill a requirement.
Candu Nuclear Reactor, Benefits Of Drinking Milk Tea In The Morning, Why Was Lead Used In Gasoline, Best Age To Neuter A Male Dog Uk, Candu Nuclear Reactor, Daily Morning Prayer In Malayalam, Penn Station Specials St Louis,