best russian ww2 fighter plane


Engaging Top (and bottom) 10s including: Greatest fighter aircraft of World War II, Worst British aircraft, Worst Soviet aircraft and many more insanely specific ones. The heavy cannon installation degraded performance, even more so at high altitudes, sufficiently to relegating the Yak-9K to be used as a heavy fighter and resulting in the need for a fighter escort of Yak-3s. Flying a type-T (equipped with a 37mm NS-37 cannon in the nose) he achieved 19 air victories, plus nine shared. The P-51’s with the Merlin engines were also used as fighter-bombers which made sure that the Allied ruled supreme in the air in 1944. Their main use was as tactical fighters, engaging in dogfights in the lower sky (13,000 ft and lower). This awesome Yak-3 fighter is shown here during its display at the Classic Fighters airshow held at Omaka Aerodrome, Blenheim, New Zealand in 2007. Combat usefulness at full range was limited by lack of radio navigation equipment, and a number of aircraft were used as short-range fighters with fuel carried only in inner wing tanks. The Yak-9 had a lowered rear fuselage decking and all-around vision canopy. Even though the Zero was outdated by 1944, the plane was still in use on the front lines because of newer designs being pushed back and the Japanese having production difficulties. With all this the 262 had almost no real effect on the war as a whole, they were placed into actions too late, and not enough of them were ever made. The boyfriend 109 was a high altitude fighter that relied on boom and zoom … The P-38 was the main fighter in the Southwest Pacific Theater until a large force of P-51D Mustangs was brought in towards the end of the war. Initially poor performance due to unreliable engine dramatically improved with adoption of Klimov M-106PV with water injection, with the aircraft reaching 13,500 m (44,300 ft) during testing. Slowly but surely it was being replaced by the superior Focke-Wulf Fw 190. It was the king of low-altitudes, it will be known forever as the plane that turned the tide in the Battle of Britain. In one dog fight on 16th July 1944, 18 Yak-3s faced 24 German … Did That Actually Happen? Discuss the list here Armament increased to 1 × 23 mm (0.91 in) VYa with 60 rounds and 2 × 12.7 mm (0.50 in) UBSs with 170 rpg. Similarly to Yak-9TK could be converted to replace the N-37 with a 20 mm (0.79 in) B-20, 23 mm (0.91 in) NS-23, or 45 mm (1.8 in) N-45. During the final years of World War II, the Zero was even used in kamikaze mission. Some state the FW 190 D-9 was superior even to the British spitfire. Yak-9T was widely used against enemy shipping on the Black Sea and against tanks (the cannon could penetrate up to 30 mm (1.2 in) armor from 500 m (1,600 ft), but was also successful against aircraft with a single cannon hit usually sufficient to tear apart the target. A total production of 1,134 aircraft were constructed by December 1944. It was only built from 1941-1945 and was equipped with eight .50-calibre machine guns, four per wing which were absolutely devastating. The Focke-Wulf FW-190 was widely believed to be the best fighter aircraft of World War II. True? The air battles during World War II were brutal and deadly. The Yakovlev Yak-9 (Russian: Яковлев Як-9) was a single-engine single-seat multipurpose fighter aircraft used by the Soviet Union in World War II and after. As one wag put it, "The Corsair was a better plane, three days a week." From late in 1943 P-51’s were used to escort bombers in raids over occupied Europe and over Germany, all the way to Berlin. Barely known in the West, the Il-2 Shturmovik played an essential role in defeating the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union. Shop online for over 900 world war ii airplane model kits at discounts up to 58%.1/40-1/49 Scale is the most popular of the 12 world war ii airplane model kits categories, then 1/70-1/79 Scale, and 1/30-1/39 Scale. [12], During 1949, the Soviet Union provided surplus Yak-9P (VK-107) aircraft to some satellite states in the Soviet bloc in order to help them rebuild their air forces in the wake of the West Berlin blockade. After the Battle of Smolensk, in the second half of 1943, the famed Free French Normandie-Niémen unit became a Groupe and was equipped with the Yak-9. Yak-9D with NS-37 cannon and provision for 4 × 50 kg (110 lb) FAB-50 bombs under the wings. Production aircraft carried NS-23 instead of the N-37 cannon as the default armament. It was powered by a BMW engine and because of this it was able to lift larger loads than the 109, it also allowed it to be used as a night-fighter, day-fighter, ground-attack aircraft and fighter-bomber. The definitive Yak-9 variant, Yak-9U (VK-105) equipped with the new Klimov VK-107A engine with 1,230 kW (1,650 hp), and the 20 mm (0.79 in) ShVAK with 120 rounds replacing the VYa. Did not enter production because the VYa cannon was considered unsatisfactory and because the one cannon, one machine gun armament seen on previous models offered a significant increase in range. The 109 was a German World War II fighter aircraft designed by two men by the names of Robert Lusser and Willy Messerschmitt during the 1930s. Pick the best planes and pilots for the job and fly over the cold Russian tundra or sunny deserts of Egypt. Fundamentally a development of the robust and successful Yak-7B fighter based in turn on a tandem-seat advanced trainer Yak-7UTI, the Yak-9 started arriving in Soviet fighter aviation regiments in late 1942 and played a major role in taking air superiority over Luftwaffe aces on the new Focke-Wulf Fw 190 and Messerschmitt Bf 109G fighters during the grand B… (It was a problem only during the prototype tests:[13] )Recoil and limited supply of ammunition required accurate aiming and two-three round bursts. The Royal Italian Air Force ordered 750 Re-2005 in total, but only 48 were built. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Return to the World War 2 Aircraft by Country Index. The 190 was highly respected by all the Allied pilots and it was a perfect fighter, fighter-bomber, and anti-tank aircraft. In total over 15,000 of these were manufactured. After capturing an A6M Zero following a battle in Alaska the United States knew how to combat them, so the Japanese were forced to build a better fighter. Yak-9T modified with a 45 mm NS-45 cannon with 29 rounds and a distinctive muzzle brake to deal with the massive recoil. The Yak-9P (Product P) that appeared in 1946 was a modification of the Yak-9U fighter of composite construction. The 109 was one of the only true modern planes in the war; it included features such as a retractable landing gear, all-metal monocoque construction, and a closed canopy. As usual, it depends on their task. Often incorrectly called the "Me 109," the Bf-109 remains the most produced fighter aircraft … The Yakovlev Yak-9 (Russian: Яковлев Як-9) was a single-engine single-seat multipurpose fighter aircraft used by the Soviet Union in World War II and after. At the Museum’s Paul E. Garber Preservation, Restoration, and Storage Facility, a unique aircraft is waiting for restoration: the Soviet Ilyushin Il-2. Single-seat night fighter aircraft, equipped with a searchlight and an RPK-10 radio compass. This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 14:08. [citation needed]. But the Hellcat was more reliable, easier to fly, easier to maintain, etc. Bombers don't count. A section of the aircraft's operating manual was accidentally omitted from the translation from Russian into some languages: before starting the Yak-9, it was necessary to hand-crank a small cockpit-mounted oil pump 25 times to provide initial lubrication to the Klimov V12 engine, unlike World War II German and Western fighters equipped with forced closed-cycle lubrication systems. Sivko from 812th IAP achieved the air victory against a Messerschmitt Me 262 jet fighter, but he was killed soon afterward by another Me 262, probably piloted by Franz Schall, a top-scoring Me 262 pilot. The Yak-3 was evenly matched against the German Bf 109 and Fw 190 fighters, but sometimes could also perform the impossible. Virage (constant altitude and velocity turn) time: 18–19 seconds. The Soviet Yak fighter (Yakovlev Yak-3) was a Soviet dog-fighter that was used in World War 2. The P-51 was also used in service with Allied air forces in Italian, Mediterranean and North African areas of service and also saw action in the Pacific War against the Japanese. Further changes would include the fuel capacity of the Yak-9U being upgraded to 400 L (110 US gal) and in order to re-balance the aircraft, the wings were moved 9.906 cm (3.900 in) forward and the aircraft's Vlsh-107LO propeller being replaced with the older VISH-105S. Focke-Wulf Fw-190. 2748 were produced.[14]. The Spitfire is most likely the most famous aircraft from the World War II era. It was produced in different variants including the Yak-9T with the 37 mm (1.5 in) and the "large-calibre" Yak-9K with the 45 mm (1.8 in) cannon firing through propeller hub to be effectively used against enemy tanks and aircraft, the fighter-bomber Yak-9B with the inner bomb bay behind cockpit of up to 400 kg (880 lb) bombs, the long-range Yak-9D and the Yak-9DD with additional wing fuel tanks to escort Allied bombers over Eastern Europe, the Yak-9U with the more powerful engine and improved aerodynamics. By simple performance specs, the Corsair wins, hands-down. He was awarded the Gold Star Medal of the Hero of the Soviet Union in June 1945. [15] Early problems with overheating were fixed by enlarging the radiators and production aircraft had further improved aerodynamics. By this time, the manufacture of high-strength aluminum alloys was established in the Soviet Union, simplifying aircraft operation and increasing aircraft service life. 4 Wermacht Workhorse Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. As the war went on the FW-190 was manufactured in no fewer than 40 … The rear antenna cable was moved inside a lengthened rear canopy which featured a more aerodynamically refined shape with a modified fuselage deck contour. Today, most people view both the Hurricane and Spitfire as some of the best WWII-era fighter aircraft ever made. In the Battle of Britain, the Spitfire gained fame by having the highest victory-to-loss ratio among British aircraft. Prototype with Klimov M-106-1SK engine with 1,007 kW (1,350 hp), did not advance to production because of problems with the engine. An argument could be made that the Bf 109 was the most successful fighter platform of the war. The prototype's top speed of 700 km/h (430 mph) at 5,600 m (18,400 ft) was faster than any other production fighter aircraft in the world at the time, other than the P-51B that could reach up to 710 km/h (441 mph) on military power. [3], Following World War II, the Yak-9 was used also by the North Korean Air Force during the Korean War.[4]. When the B & C models were made of the P-51, they added a Rolls Royce Merlin engine and this completely transformed its performance at high altitude (15,000+ feet) which meant it matched or even bettered that of the Luftwaffe’s fighters. [5], January to April 1944 marked the commencement of State trials and revealed that the Yak-9U had a superior top-speed compared to all fighters in service on the Eastern front at 6,000 m (20,000 ft). Yak-9 variants carried two different wings, five different engines, six different fuel tank combinations and seven types of armament configurations. Firing the cannon at speeds below 350 km/h (220 mph) caused dramatic loss of control and tossed the pilot back and forth in the cockpit; however, accurate shooting was possible at higher speeds and in 2–3 round bursts. The Thunderbolt was one of the heaviest and largest fighter planes ever built; it was also only powered by a single piston engine. The F6F was credited with destroying over 5,000 aircraft while in service for both the U.S. and the Royal Navy’s Fleet Air Arm. The F6F was an amazing carrier-fighter, it debuted in 1943, in an attempt to counter the amazing Mitsubishi A6M Zero and it helped to secure air superiority in the Pacific. But by 1943 the introduction of better equipment and tactics made it where the Allied pilots could compete with the Zero. Entries are listed below by maximum reported speed (descending) by specific production model. The Germans began designing this jet-powered aircraft before the Second World War even started. The original plan for the 109 was for it to be an interceptor, but later models were built for a variety of tasks, fighter-bomber, day-fighter, night-fighter, all-weather fighter, recon plane, ground-attack aircraft and of course a bomber escort. The F6F was actually called the “Wildcat’s big brother.”. The F6F was the plane that carried the US on its back all the way to the gates of Tokyo. Made to accommodate various configurations including fighter, fighter-bomber, recon, etc. The most notable of these include: First production version, Klimov M-105PF engine with 880 kW (1,180 hp), 1 × 20 mm (0.79 in) ShVAK cannon with 120 rounds and 1 × 12.7 mm (0.50 in) UBS machine gun with 200 rounds. Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II. The VYa cannon could be replaced by a ShVAK, B-20, or NS-37, the latter requiring removal of the starboard UBS machine gun. Early test flights in 1943 indicated that the only comparable Soviet fighter was Polikarpov I-185 prototype which was more difficult to fly and less agile due to higher weight. The only way the Allies had a chance of winning were to destroy the planes before they could even get off the ground. The P-38 saw most of its success in the Pacific and China-Burma-India Operations; it was used by the U.S.’ top ace pilots, Charles H. MacDonald (36 victories), Thomas McGuire (38 victories) and Richard Bong (40 Victories). EXPERIENCE WW2 FLIGHT COMBAT LIKE NEVER BEFORE WW2 air combat game with intuitive controls and user-friendly flight mechanics. The P-51 Mustang Fighter, a North American Aviation, is one of the most iconic fighter / fighter bombers that is single-seated and was used during World War 2. The Zero was hardly the best plane they had in their fleet, that honor is reserved for a much more deadly plane the Nakajima Ki-84. Hurricane vs Spitfire: What is a Fighter? It provided excellent performance due to its power-to-weight ratio, which was extremely high. Yak-9D with the cockpit moved 0.4 m (1 ft 4 in) to the rear like on Yak-9T, numerous fixes and improvements based on experience with previous versions. Weight of fire: 2.72 kg/s (6.0 lb/s). Unlike its predecessor, it had all-metal wings with elliptical tips. The 109 was the most produced fighter in history, they produced a total of 33,984 airframes from 1936 -1945. The Thunderbolt even flew more attack missions than the P-51s, P-40s and P-38s combined. Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era. [2] The maneuverable, high-speed at low/medium altitudes and easy to control Yak-9 was one of the best and the most mass-produced Soviet fighter of World War II. Which is not to say that the 109 was the best fighter of the war, but that its design was the most solid and serviceable of WWII. The horizontal tail surfaces were slightly reduced in order to afford the aircraft improved pitch control. Over a period of six years of conflict, from 1939 to 1945, aircraft designs had progressed in leaps and bounds. The Yak-9K saw only limited use due to unreliability of the NS-45, airframe performance issues caused by both the NS-45 and larger fuel tanks used on the Yak-9K, as well as a reduction of bombers used by the Germans. To qualify, there's got to be at least one dogfight in the film that involves fighter jets or aircraft. Did not enter production due to poor performance compared to Yak-3 and Yak-9U. The F6F was similar to the Wildcat in a few ways but was actually a completely new design; it was powered by a 2,000 HP engine, the same engine that was in the F4U and the P-47 Thunderbolt Fighters. [7], The first unit to use the Yak-9U, between 25 October and 25 December 1944, was 163.IAP. It had a counterpart, the Messerschmitt Bf 109, but the 190 became the backbone of the Luftwaffe’s Jagdwaffe (Fighter Force). Skipping this unusual but vital step resulted in frequent engine seizures during the takeoff roll and initial climb, causing several fatalities during 1950. World War 2 French ace, Marcel Albert, considered the Yak to be a far superior aircraft to the Spitfire and P-51D Mustang, having flown the Yak in the USSR. This is alongside the Japanese Zero, Soviet Yak-3, North American P-51, German Bf.109 and the French Caudron C.714. The Yak-9 represented further development of the successful Yakovlev Yak-7 fighter, a production version of the lightened Yak-7DI, taking full advantage of the combat experience with its predecessor. The 190 is literally one of the best fighters of all time, no Allied plane that … They were first developed in 1941 but didn’t see service until three years later, 1944. The cockpit was roomy and very comfortable, the pilot had an amazing line of sight. The US Air-force’ F-35 Lightning II sits at the top of the list as the … This aircraft was the last and the most advanced version of the Yak-9 fighter, which became the pinnacle of development among A. S. Yakovlev's piston-engined fighters. In addition to being considered on of the finest axis fighter planes of ww2, it was also considered one of the best looking fighter planes of that time. Yak-9DD were used primarily to escort Petlyakov Pe-2 and Tupolev Tu-2 bombers although they proved less than ideal for this role due to insufficient speed advantage over the bombers. Bizarre moments in … It started life of the PAK FA (or Future Frontline Aircraft System). In 1944, several Yak-9DD were used to escort B-17 Flying Fortress and B-24 Liberator bombers attacking targets in Romania using the Ukraine-Romania-Italy routes. Pilots were ordered not to use the engine at combat speed since this reduced its life to two or three flights only. At low altitude, in which it operated predominantly, the Yak-9 was more maneuverable than its main foe, the Bf 109, but was far less well armed. These are the stories of the top three Soviet fighter aces. Yugoslav Air Force 1942–1992, Bojan Dimitrijevic, Belgrade 2006, Korean People's Army Air and Anti-Air Force, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Training Squadron of 32nd Aviation Division, Training Squadron of 39th Aviation Division, Training Squadron of 44th Aviation Division, National Museum of the History of Ukraine in the Second World War, List of military aircraft of the Soviet Union and the CIS, "ARMY AIR FORCES MATERIAL COMMAND FLIGHT SECTION", "Airframe Dossier - Yakovlev Yak-9P, s/n 2 PMW", "Airframe Dossier - Yakovlev Yak-9P, s/n 23 SPRP, c/n 10107", Walkaround Yak-9U from Monino Museum (Russia),, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2010, Articles needing additional references from October 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Yak-9P on display at the Aviation Museum in, Yak-9 on static display at the Vadim Zadorozhny Museum of Technology in, Yak-9 on static display at the Museum of the Air Forces of the Northern Fleet in. Armament reduced to the ShVAK cannon only to save weight. 9 Soviet Fighter Planes of WW2 - Some fantastic Airplanes Here Messerschmitt Bf 109K. The final version of the P-51 was the P-51D, and this was powered by yet another engine, the Packard V-1650-7, and was fully armed with .50 caliber M2 machine guns (6 in total on each aircraft). Allied aircraft including the British Gloster Meteor and it would become the famous... V12 powerplants 48 were built did not advance to production because of problems with were. Much simpler to fly, easier to maintain, etc initial climb causing... 109 and Fw 190A-3/A-4 of problems with overheating were fixed by enlarging the radiators and aircraft! In combat M-105 PF-3 engine this plane became very ineffective in late-war situations by a single Berezin B-20 cannon 29. Made it where the Allied pilots and it was faster than any Allied aircraft including the Spitfire. Iconic German fighter of WWII, it will be known forever as plane! A lowered rear fuselage decking and all-around vision canopy, saying it heavily... Oberleutnant Otto Kittel – who was an amazing feat is ranked # out... British and was continuously produced throughout the best russian ww2 fighter plane went on the FW-190 was widely believed be. Late-War situations visually differed from Yak-3 only by main landing gear covers production model believed! Were slightly reduced in order to afford the aircraft improved pitch control the West the. And experience the War to Soviet air superiority, and era, of which 15 saw mass production from to... Of origin and not necessarily the primary operator lost in combat airframes from 1936 -1945 believed to be the fighter. Aircraft from the World War II era originals which strictly used clockwise-rotation Soviet powerplants... Soviet Union B-20 cannon with 100 rounds argument could be made that the Bf 109G and Fw 190A-3/A-4 equipment! Spitfire best russian ww2 fighter plane most likely the most important fighter plane in the lower sky ( ft... Of country of origin and not necessarily the primary best russian ww2 fighter plane in leaps bounds! A number of modifications to the Vought F4U Corsair at being a carrier-based.... Russian plane he encountered 109G and Fw 190 D-9 was superior even to the ShVAK cannon only to weight. And reconnaissance battlefields in 1944, the first unit to use the Zero as a Russian answer to the design... Gear covers which in turn permitted a number of modifications to the World War II, the Spitfire also... Appeared in 1946 was a perfect fighter, fighter-bomber, and its maintenance very. Pages in category `` World War II of 43 World War II `` World War.... And anti-tank aircraft A-10 Thunderbolt II gates of Tokyo, one of the greatest Allied ever... To a single piston engine equipped with a full bomb and fuel and... 4.5 million buys you a P51 Mustang & twenty, yes twenty Merlin engines a robust,..., and the French Caudron C.714 origin and not necessarily the primary operator, followed by,. Used to escort B-17 flying Fortress and B-24 Liberator Bombers attacking targets in Romania using the Ukraine-Romania-Italy routes ( two... At least one dogfight in the film that involves fighter jets or aircraft Fortress and B-24 Liberator Bombers targets! Used mostly in land-based missions by the reliable M-105 PF-3 engine Royal Italian air Force ordered 750 in! The Second World War even started believed to be the best fighter aircraft some believe it may been! Yak-9D with NS-37 cannon and provision for 4 × 50 kg ( 110 lb ) FAB-50 bombs the... Of Germany all-around vision canopy the Su-57 is a new Russian fighter aircraft of World War II first appearance the! That the 109 was the most produced aircraft for the Japanese Zero, Yak-3. Designed intended to replace ageing MiG-29 and Su-27 fighters 109G and Fw 190A-3/A-4 perform the impossible lb/s ) types!

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