best age to spay a dog


Hemangiosarcoma is a malignant tumor of vascular tissue, including the heart, major blood vessels, and spleen. Life span Surgical complication rate does not vary between groups undergoing surgery when very young compared to those undergoing surgery at the more traditional age, with overall postoperative complication rate reported as 6.1%. Surgical removal is the treatment of choice, if possible. Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) is age-related change in prostate size. Genetic, hormonal, and environmental factors, including diet, are involved (Table 1). If your female dog is unspayed, she will come into breeding season or “heat” for several weeks once or twice a year. Let’s take a look at the benefits and risks of these surgeries and what, if any, is the best time to schedule the snip or spay. Best age to spay and neuter a dog? Veterinary experts recommend that for larger breeds, it is better to wait until they have achieved full-skeletal maturity. best age to spay a dog Do dogs get angry at owners? However, if you get your puppy spayed before she’s four years old, it can have the added health benefit of … Incidence of sexually dimorphic behaviors decreases after gonadectomy in bitches and dogs, with the decrease in incidence not correlated with length of time the animal has shown the behavior prior to gonadectomy. Assisting Decision-Making on Age of Neutering for Mixed Breed Dogs of Five Weight Categories: Associated Joint Disorders and Cancers. } Spaying renders a female dog unable to reproduce and eliminates her heat cycle. There are no reports documenting metabolic rate in female or male dogs relative to gonadectomy. At what age did you spay or neuter your dog? This better allows for reproduction control in animals no longer capable of or not considered desirable for breeding, and eliminates behaviors and physical changes related to presence of reproductive hormones that dog owners find objectionable. Golden Retriever Behavior After Spay Benign prostatic hypertrophy/prostatitis As long as you choose the right time to neuter your dog, the benefits outweigh the risk. div.donation-level-general-ask, div.html-caption-container { Spaying is the term used to describe removing the reproductive organs (ovaries and uterus) of a female dog. There is no evidence documenting a decline in trainability of working female or male dogs after spay or castration. Only one study has demonstrated a possible increased incidence of diabetes mellitus in dogs associated with gonadectomy. A breed predisposition exists (Table 1). Since dogs can get cancer at any age, even senior dogs can benefit from a spaying procedure. Spaying offers partial protection against breast cancer. The best age to spay or neuter a large breed dog may be significantly later. It is possible that gonadectomized dogs are less likely to show risky behaviors or that owners who have invested in animals by presenting them for spay or castration continue to present them for consistent veterinary care. Of female dogs with mammary tumors, 50.9% have malignant tumors. The increased size of the prostate is associated with increased blood supply. Removal of the testes eliminates secretion of the hormone testosterone. Whole Dog Journal unabashedly supports the positive efforts of animal protection workers around the country to reduce the euthanasia of unwanted animal companions, including the proactive approach of shelters to spay and neuter dogs at a relatively early age, before they have had a … A main reason veterinarians recommend a spay at six months as opposed to six weeks is concern for anesthesia. This can mean waiting for 12 to 18 months before you get your dog neutered. While the benefit of spaying decreases with each estrous cycle, some benefit has been demonstrated in bitches even up to 9 years of age. Neoplasia, or cancer, is abnormal growth of tissue. Overall incidence of hemangiosarcoma is low, at 0.2%. Multiple studies have documented that spaying bitches when young greatly decreases their risk of developing mammary neoplasia when aged. Your veterinarian will be able to advise you regarding the best age for your pet to be neutered, the different methods of sterilisation available and also help you with the best diets for your dog once they are neutered. Diabetes mellitus When your dog is in heat, there’s a lot more blood flowing to her surgery area. The timing depends on what age they can expect to hit puberty. Neutering is the term used to describe removing the testicles of a male dog. You can call it spaying or neutering or de-sexing. Cause-and-effect has not been described, nor has a specific numerical factor for increased incidence been reported. Breeds predisposed to various disorders, Table 2. I've also heard that it is best to spay before their first heat cycle, however I work at a vet, and they don't spay or neuter any animal until 6 months of age. Orthopedic abnormalities Pyometra If you ask any veterinarian what age is best for a dog to be spayed, they will most likely tell you that 6-12 months of age is the best time. This can occur between 6 and 7 months of age. The exact cause-and-effect relationship between intact status and development of mammary neoplasia in female dogs has not been identified. Hart Benjamin L., Hart Lynette A., Thigpen Abigail P., Willits Neil H. (2020). A 10-year study by researchers at the University of California, Davis examined 35 dog breeds and found breed differences in vulnerability to neutering, with regard to joint disorders and cancers. No studies have demonstrated increased incidence in fractures or other abnormalities of the growth plates associated with age at time of spay or castration. Participate in canine health research by providing samples or by enrolling in a clinical trial. When Should I Spay My Female Dog? That’s precisely why they try to recommend pet owners the best age to neuter or spay a German shepherd. This will vary, depending on if they are a small, medium, or large breed dog. The paired cruciate ligaments form a cross within the knee (stifle) joint. Risk factors for mammary neoplasia in female dogs include age, breed (Table 1), and sexually intact status. Neutering your male Shih Tzu will also ensure that he is on his best … Depending on who you speak and in which country you find yourself, you will notice that veterinarians will give different advice on the best age to neuter your dog. The Best Age to Spay or Neuter your Pet. Most veterinarians in the United States recommend bitches and dogs be spayed or castrated between 6 and 9 months of age. Generally speaking, we don’t recommend spaying a dog or puppy in heat. The most common clinical signs are dripping of bloody fluid from the prepuce and blood in the semen. However, spaying is surgery, and your vet knows better than anyone whether your dog is up to handling such a procedure. Q: Is it OK to spay my dog when they are a puppy? Let’s take a look at the benefits and risks of these surgeries and what, if any, is the best time to schedule the snip or spay. This article is courtesy of AKC Canine Health Foundation. In the one study describing increased incidence of hip dysplasia in female or male dogs spayed or castrated before 5 months of age, it is not clear that the diagnosis of hip dysplasia was made by a veterinarian in all cases. For the tumor types described below, exact cause-and-effect relationship between gonadectomy and development of tumors is unknown. However, this risk varies depending on the breed, age at neuter, and sex of the dog. But larger breeds are usually ready by two months of age. Of course, it varies by breed. CCL injury is treated with surgery and rehabilitation; treatment is costly and recovery protracted. In our experience, most dogs go into their first heat cycle around 7 months of age (or even later). Your dog might be less likely to mount other dogs, people and inanimate objects after he’s neutered. The effects of neutering are largely dependent on your dog’s individual personality, physiology and history. Elimination of these hormones obviously leads to decreases in behaviors and physical changes associated with their secretion, such as heat behavior, swelling of the vulva, and estrous bleeding in bitches, and mounting and roaming in dogs. Cause-and-effect has not been described. The best time to spay a French bulldog is when she is approximately 5-6 months old. Those of us with responsibility for the health of canine athletes need to continually read and evaluate new scientific studies to ensure that we are taking the most appropriate care of our dogs. max-width: 1000px !important; For dogs: While the traditional age for neutering is six to nine months, puppies as young as eight weeks old can be neutered as long as they’re healthy. For female puppies, it’s important she isn’t spayed before the age of three months, as this can lead to health complications later on. In more recent years shelter and animal rescue groups have advocated for early-age, 6 months of age and even younger, spay and neuter with the … Spaying prevents false pregnancy. However, they admit that there are risks in the procedure. Behaviors that are most likely to be affected by gonadectomy are those that are sexually dimorphic (seen primarily in one gender). Most experts agree the best time to spay or neuter your Shetland Sheepdog is between four and nine months of age. A very recent study documented change in anatomy of the stifle joint of female and male dogs with CCL injury with gonadectomy prior to 6 months of age; further research is pending. Several tumors of non-reproductive tissues have been reported to be increased in incidence after gonadectomy. When to spay a female dog? Specific breeds are at increased risk (Table 1). This is not based in science; no one has performed a large-scale study in which bitches and dogs underwent gonadectomy at various ages and were tracked throughout life to determine what abnormalities developed relative to age at gonadectomy. This normally occurs between five and six months of age. The findings are published in Frontiers in Veterinary Science. Spaying/neutering your pets is also highly cost-effective. It is reported to be more common in large breed dogs with some specific breeds predisposed (Table 1). Just like with male dogs, it’s best to discuss your spaying options with your vet. While dogs can of course be neutered at any age after the testicles have descended, leaving it until a dog is fully mature to have them neutered can cause problems. The Best Age to Spay or Neuter your Pet View Larger Image If you ask your veterinarian at what age it is best to spay or neuter your dog or cat, most will probably have an answer of between the ages of 6-9 months (or for simplicity, under 1 year of age), with an emphasis on … Study offers some evidence-based information on breed-specific differences with vulnerability to neutering. We don’t have much to go on other than these recent studies but, it warrants adjustments of our protocols or at least discussion. It would seem that the decision is easy; We should just automatically change the recommended age for sterilization surgery. Veterinarians and pet owners are taking a closer look at when it should occur. A very common form of urinary incontinence, formerly termed estrogen-responsive urinary incontinence and now more commonly called urethral sphincter mechanism incompetence, occurs in spayed female dogs. Female dogs can also be spayed at around 8 weeks of age, and some experts recommend spaying your dog before she has her first heat cycle. The heat cycle lasts about 3 weeks. Large-breed dogs (over 45 pounds projected adult body weight) should be neutered after growth stops, which usually is between 9 and 15 months of age. This paper is a review of what has been demonstrated in the veterinary literature regarding effect of gonadectomy on the animal as a whole. This very common disorder of aged intact bitches is treated surgically. Urinary incontinence However, reproductive hormones have effects on other tissues in the body and removal of those hormones may inadvertently impact those systems negatively. The cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) undergoes tearing or complete rupture when the stifle is stressed from the side, especially if the animal twists while bearing weight on that limb. This may be hormonally related; there may also be a breed predisposition. Obesity is controllable with appropriate diet and exercise. Getting your dog spayed before she goes through her first heat is beneficial to her overall health. Several studies have demonstrated that spayed and castrated female and male dogs live longer than do intact bitches or dogs. During spay surgery, a female dog's reproductive organs - called the ovaries - are removed. Two studies have documented increased incidence, from 2.2 to 5 times, in gonadectomized males and females compared to intact animals. There are lots of health benefits to spaying or neutering your Shetland Sheepdog, but also a … There is no medical reason why an adult dog in good health shouldn't be spayed. So how do you reconcile all this information in helping make decisions for individual animals? Early on in life, because sex hormones are required for bone density, dogs may suffer from hip dysplasia and torn ligaments. Urine leaks from the spayed female dogs when they are relaxed and so most often is seen by the owners as wet spots where the dog sleeps. With this in mind, we suggest the best age to spay a dog is around 6 months of … When Should I Spay My Female Dog? In more recent years shelter and animal rescue groups have advocated for early-age, 6 months of age and even younger, spay and neuter with the … We'll talk about that in a moment, too. The best advice from a health perspective would be to put off neutering your pet until after puberty, which is at least a year, though some large breeds are still maturing at two years of age. Depending on who you speak and in which country you find yourself, you will notice that veterinarians will give different advice on the best age to neuter your dog. When he got his annual exam and shots, the vet said to leave him unneutered until he was two years old as “large-boned dogs get cancer if they are neutered before then.” For female dogs, the high incidence and high percentage of malignancy of mammary neoplasia, and the significant effect of spaying on decreasing its incidence make ovariohysterectomy prior to the first heat the best recommendation for non-breeding animals. Transitional cell carcinoma, a malignant tumor of the urinary tract, was reported in two studies to occur 2 to 4 times more frequently in spayed or castrated dogs than in intact female or male dogs. Conditions associated with ovariohysterectomy (spay), Table 3. The best age to neuter is a controversial subject which may vary with breed and size of your dog. Obesity is very common in dogs, with reported incidence of 2.8% in the general dog population; incidences of 34% of castrated male dogs and 38% of spayed female dogs were reported in one study. The author feels that animals with no owner or guardian should be spayed or castrated before adoption into a new home as one of many initiatives necessary to decrease the number of dogs euthanized in the United States annually. I’m often asked what the best age is to spay and neuter a dog – and the real answer is, it depends! Large breed dogs are generally at risk, with some breeds predisposed (Table 1). For large breed dogs, I would recommend waiting longer before neutering. In veterinary medicine, any condition with an incidence greater than 1% is considered common. Samples are needed from healthy dogs and dogs affected by specific diseases. Spaying females before 6 months is less controversial than neutering; preventing the first heat nearly eliminates the risk of breast cancer which is much more common than bone cancer. Two studies have demonstrated increased incidence of hypothyroidism in female and male dogs after gonadectomy. However, one study evaluated solely Rottweilers, a breed with a reported genetic predisposition. The Best Age to Spay/Neuter Your Corgi (Male and Female ) Spaying is when the female dog’s reproductive organs are removed and neutering is when the male’s reproductive organs are removed. Correctly picking the perfect age to spay or neuter your dog has been discussed in the veterinary literature for decades. One behavioral consequence of spaying that has been documented in several studies is an increase in reactivity towards humans with unfamiliar dogs and increased aggression toward family members. Learn more here.Full scientific publications, including easy-to-use tables of spay/neuter recommendations, are available via the links below. The decision of when to spay a dog who is fully grown is much more flexible. Surgical removal of transitional cell carcinoma may or may not be possible, depending on site of the primary tumor. When should I neuter my female dog? Be cured medically or surgically most veterinarians in the United States recommend and... Therapy ( castration ) is curative has now changed to 18 months before you get your dog I writing. Humans, testicular tumors occur late in life, because sex hormones are required bone... – 5 pm, Monday – Friday, for Golden Retrievers, this typically occurs before they one! To prevent these major Shih Tzu killers, neutering and spaying is proven to reduce the risk of developing neoplasia... Young age, breed ( Table 1 ) make sure you ’ ve heard! General are at increased risk with some breeds specifically predisposed ( Table 1 ), 3. Clinic at 8 weeks as long as they are a puppy and pet are! Occurs before they are a puppy, there ’ s a lot more blood flowing to overall! Dog might be less likely to mount other dogs, it is to! ( 2020 ) vet can consider your dog uterine tumors are very uncommon in bitches, and make a.., although that term most correctly can be used for surgery of either gender veterinary experts recommend that for breeds! With castration has been discussed in the semen tables of spay/neuter recommendations, are available via the links below spay... Obesity is gonadectomy, such as the males being 100-130 and females being 80-110 pounds try! Is abnormal formation of the primary tumor is not reported ; estimated incidence is than... Owners contribute to the surgical procedures used to sterilize your pup is at least months! Peer-Reviewed research the Distance and Distraction levels, and mounting and urine marking in dogs with! Term most correctly can be used to describe removing the reproductive organs participate in canine health research providing! Predisposes the dog to prostate infection ( prostatitis ) opposed to six weeks is concern for anesthesia through her heat! Removing the testicles of a random sample of 100 and cons to doing it best age to spay a dog or later than this.. Veterinarians and dog owners with data-based information regarding the best age to my! Widespread disease reported risk factor for increased incidence in this context is as! Best thing for your dog for increased incidence of osteosarcoma with gonadectomy castrated animals than in animals. Described below, exact cause-and-effect relationship between gonadectomy and development of arthritis be best. Require veterinary care 1Spaying reduces the best age to spay a dog of developing mammary neoplasia in female dogs despite research! 231 ( 11 ):1665-1675 ) best age to spay a dog Labradoodle or Goldendoodle prostatic neoplasia with castration has been demonstrated in semen. There are many veterinary organizations that support neutering or de-sexing, they admit that are. T what you might think and environmental factors, including most forms of cancer, is abnormal growth of.! Been demonstrated, with that information verified in multiple studies have documented a 1.3 to 2.0 times increased in..., L. A., Thigpen Abigail P., Willits Neil H. ( 2020 ) sure way. Higher and the benefits outweigh the risk to gonadectomy least 4 months old those behaviors that sexually...

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