where was lead paint used

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Maintaining your home’s condition is a protective measure worth taking. At that level, any intentional use of lead in paints or other surface coatings containing lead would immediately put the toy over the permitted limit. Pipes that transported water during the Roman Empire were made up of lead. … By navigating the site, you consent to our use of cookies. Take a step to give buyers complete peace of mind with AmeriSpec’s pre-listing inspection services. Lead can be found inside and outside a house. This may potentially contaminate a home's drinking water. AmeriSpec inspectors identify any presence of lead-based paint in and around your property. Examples of where this type of paint may have been used are skirting boards, doors, door frames, stairs, banisters, window frames and sills, wooden flooring, radiators, and pipes, … Any surface covered with lead-based paint where the paint may wear by rubbing or friction is likely to cause lead dust including windows, doors, floors, porches, stairways, and cabinets. Lead can lie hidden in and … Most of all, however, schedule testing by a local AmericSpec lead inspector who can professionally identify risk areas and provide direction for how to handle any lead presence. Our lead certified inspectors will conduct lead tests thoroughly and without disturbing your property. Lead-based pipes are common in homes built before 1950. This creates harmful, lead-contaminated dust. Settled lead dust can reenter the air when people vacuum, sweep, or walk through it. Homes dating from before this time may still contain lead paint. It’s possible for children playing in yards to inhale particles from lead-contaminated soil or ingest lead from playing with soil with their hands. If you suspect your child might have experienced lead exposure, you should immediately seek medical attention and have your child’s blood levels tested. Young children might touch lead dust-covered objects or place them in their mouths, resulting in significant health damage. Even small amounts of dust or chips of paint containing lead, … USE OF LEAD IN PAINT IN NSW - WHEN AND WHERE IT WAS USED. When lead plumbing materials corrode or dissolve, lead can disperse into your drinking water, presenting serious health risks. In the early 1950s, the paint industry began reducing lead content, although many paints still contained harmful amounts of lead. Many inspectors are trained using the most up-to-date equipment. Lead was used prior to 1970 as a primary pigment in house paints, industrial paints and automotive paints. Continue reading at LEAD HAZARDS in REMODELING or select a topic from the closely-related articles below, or see the complete ARTICLE INDEX. Lead paint was not banned in this country until 1978, so homes from, say, 1960 to 1978, might have a 24-percent chance of having lead. The United States banned the manufacture of lead-based house paint in 1978 due to health concerns. In homes in the city, country, or suburbs. AmeriSpec services provided by independently owned and operated franchises. 2020 Amerispec Inspection Services. Minimize the risk of lead poisoning . By navigating the site, you consent to our use of cookies. [DF-note: see comments at my other lead articles cited below, about lead painted window sash dust and toddler lead ingestion]. Lead was used as a food and wine additive, in dinnerware and paints. Lead containing ingredients are not normally capable of evaporating from the paint film. Staff later sampled additional locations in King County, City of Yakima, and City of Spokane for a broader geographic sampling. Lead was phased out from 1970 onward but is still allowed in paints, in 1991, the Australian NHMRC limit for lead in paint was 0.5% for domestic use. Through the 1950s and 1960s, the use of exterior lead-based paint declined significantly, and ended by the early 1970s. This figure was lowered to 0.25% in March 1992 and in 1997 was further lowered to 0.1%. Before 1978, however, lead paint was still widely in use. Because of their age and developmental stage, children are at more risk than adults. Walls in good condition rarely are immediate hazards, but flaking or deteriorating walls do create risk. Lead-based paint has a long history. Children are vulnerable to serious adverse effects including learning disabilities and behavioral issues. If you decide to paint lead with our lead renovation paint, it will help prolong the lifespan of your roof. InspectAPedia tolerates no conflicts of interest. ", "Under federal law, the US Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) enforces a standard for total lead of 600 ppm. Lead accumulates in your body, so even small amounts can pose a health hazard over time. Lead, the "useful metal," was the pride of the Romans. White lead, or lead (II) carbonate (PbCO 3), is a typical example, and was once widely used to paint wooden surfaces in homes. Updated December 03, 2019 One source of exposure to lead is the lead-based paint that was often used in homes that were built prior to 1978 when the Federal Government banned lead paint in residential structures. In general, the older your home, the more likely it has lead-based paint. Lead-based paint was widely used in the United States, because of its durability. Also see LEAD ENVIRO-SCAREwhere we discuss both rational and irrational consumer fears around environmental topics and the impact of environmental contaminants or fears on home resale. OPINION-DF: soils around older buildings that were probably painted with lead-based paint even if the siding was subsequently stripped, replaced, or sided-over. But why did manufacturers add the heavy metal … They used lead in makeup, as an additive in food and wine, in pewter dinnerware, and many other items, including paint. and for homes that are re-painted without following good housekeeping and lead dust or lead paint chip control. Remember, adults and children alike can get lead into their systems by breathing in lead dust. Many AmeriSpec professionals are also experienced inspecting and identifying the presence of lead-based paint in commercial buildings. Our experts test paint, soil and dust to keep your property safe. Lead is a toxic substance that can affect people of any age. In 1971, the federal Lead Poisoning Prevention Act was passed. This website provides advice for reducing the risk of lead poisoning for families living in homes This article outlines where lead paint was commonly found on building interiors and on building exteriors. Homes are often so soundly constructed that some studies estimate approximately half of currently occupied U.S. homes were built before 1980. This article outlines where lead paint was commonly found on building interiors and on building exteriors. Lead and lead compounds have been used in a wide variety of products found in and around … In 1978 the federal government banned the use of lead-based paint in housing. The only way to know for sure is by using a test kit (which are not incredibly accurate) or by having the surface sampled by a certified lead paint inspector or risk assessor. Dust also forms when painted surfaces bump or rub together. - these are indicated by a [bracketed note in italics]. Wiping down window sills and other flat surfaces with a damp, disposable towel can help remove the existence of possible lead remnants. Common house paints have contained little, if any, lead since then. Regularly check for paint chips or dust and keep an eye out for any signs of damage near windows, doors and stairways. Remain vigilant when it concerns your children and lead-based products or toys. Many of AmeriSpec’s inspectors provide thorough lead-based paint testing and inspection services. It’s important to be aware that any level of lead exposure by children is serious. Before 1970, paints containing high levels of lead were used in many Australian houses. Exposure to lead is a health hazard. In soil around a home. The Kingfisher lead flashing repair paint is ideal in even the harshest British weather conditions. And, if you plan on embarking on a home renovation project, scraping and sanding can produce harmful lead dust. The doll your grandmother handed down to your daughter could, in fact, be coated in lead-based paint or contain lead. This helps you to save money on potential repair costs if future problems occur. So if your wood project involves a painted surface in a home or on furniture built in the 70s then, yes, it may very well contain lead. Learn more. Lead is a chemical element with the symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82. The use of lead based paint was at its peak in 1922. In 1978, the federal government addressed lead’s harmful impacts and banned consumer use of lead-based paint. Density of housing may increase lead-paint exposure in urban areas, but the main factor tied to lead paint presence is when your property was constructed. The recent past there has been a move away from the use of white lead and of lead compounds generally in paint for the retail market. We’ll make sure to deliver a clear, concise inspection report so you’re certain of what to do next. Lead in soil can be a hazard when children play in bare soil or when people bring soil into the house on their shoes. Click to Show or Hide Citations & References, "The voluntary standard established in the United States under ASTM F-963 and the European standard under EN-71 for soluble lead in toys (lead which may migrate from the toy and be ingested by the child) is 90 parts-per-million. The inexpensive metal was even used in the pipes that transported water throughout the Roman Empire. So it was no surprise that no one thought twice about adding lead to paint. To answer your question, according to Wikipedia and many other sources, there are actually several good reasons for adding lead to paint: 1 – Different chemical compositions of … Remain vigilant when it concerns your children and lead-based products or toys. Industry consensus standards limiting the use of lead pigments date back to the 1950s, when manufacturers led a voluntary effort to remove lead from house paints. You might see them using a portable x-ray fluorescence machine to detect any signs of lead. Buying a home is a monumental life event. Windows and window sills, particularly sliding double-hung or single hung window sashes that move a painted window frame up and down in a track. Assuming there is lead paint simply because over coated paint is cracking is making an irresponsible assumption. But alternative, safe additives … AmeriSpec is committed to keeping our local communities safe during COVID-19. Covering the lead-paint area with wallpaper, wallboard or paneling provides extra security. As a certified home inspector and licensed EPA Lead renovator, I question the method your inspector used to determine that there was lead paint present. If you live in a rural area, AmeriSpec offers qualified well water quality testing services. In 1978, the federal government banned lead-based paint from housing. Homes in a specific geographic area are not more likely to have lead-based paint than any other. ", How to Protect Your Family from Lead in the Home, Standard Operating Procedure for Determining Lead (Pb) and Its Availability in Children's Metal Jewelery, Lead in Drinking Water - Testing Problems/Advice, How to Protect Your Family from Lead in Your Home, Lead Testing & Correcting Contamination from Lead Water Supply Lines/Entry Mains, SOP for Determining Lead (Pb) and And Its Availability in Children's Jewelry, Environmental Hazard Testing, Effects, Remedies, Prevention, Drinking Water Contamination and Pollution, HOME INSPECTION EDUCATION COURESES (Canada), HOME INSPECTION EDUCATION: HOME STUDY COURSES. your painter wear appropriate protection while working on your home and that drop cloths be used to collect sanding and paint chips We also provide a MASTER INDEX to this topic, or you can try the page top or bottom SEARCH BOX as a quick way to find information you need. Their growing bodies, brains and nervous systems are particularly sensitive to lead’s negative impacts. He should have used a test swab for verifiable results. Paint manufacturers started replacing lead pigments in some paints, for example, before World War II, when safer alternatives became available. The use of lead paint began to be phased out in the 1950s and was typically reserved for exterior and high moisture/high friction applications such as window jambs and wooden stair tread. yellow paint due to the historic use of lead chromate in yellow paint for bright color. An x-ray fluorescence (XRF) unit was used to conduct 79 analyses, mainly in parking lots. In apartments, single-family homes, and both private and public housing. We have no relationship with advertisers, products, or services discussed at this website. Prices and services vary by location. Testing your home, especially if it was constructed before 1978, is the only definitive way to learn about and address potential hazards. These visual clues help warn off building owners or contractors who are about to renovate an older building, or who want to know which surfaces are most at … Federal regulations require that home sellers provide lead disclosures to home buyers who are buying a home built before that year. Of homes with lead-based paint, 34.4 million (93%) were built before 1978. If this debris is left on the soil it may form a soil-lead However, lead-based paint in the home is a serious health hazard when it's chipping, flaking or within reach of children who may chew on it. For the last 5,000 years, it was used in products ranging from water pipes and makeup to wine — until we discovered how poisonous it is. AmeriSpec inspectors are diligent when investigating and testing both the interior and exterior of your home for the possible presence of lead. The use of lead found its way into the modern times. Volunteer, Global Lead Advice and Support Service. In addition to yellow paint, staff sampled white, red, and blue markings where present. Lead exposure can cause harm to a developing fetus. Try the search box just below, or if you prefer, post a question or comment in the Comments box below and we will respond promptly. What is lead paint? LEAD PAINT USES in BUILDINGS at InspectApedia.com - online encyclopedia of building & environmental inspection, testing, diagnosis, repair, & problem prevention advice. It is especially harmful to children, pregnant women and unborn babies. Our recommended books about building & mechanical systems design, inspection, problem diagnosis, and repair, and about indoor environment and IAQ testing, diagnosis, and cleanup are at the, Lead Hazards: Advice, evaluation, mitigation, services - lead paint, lead in plumbing, lead in water, air, dust. Many homes built before 1978 have lead-based paint. This is especially common during renovation or repair projects that might disturb dried lead-based paint. Stairs, railings, and banisters that have been painted. Porches and fences that are painted, and painted gates and gate handles. In this case, remove the paint following very specific guidelines. Dr Mariann Lloyd-Smith, an adviser to National Toxics Network, said there was no safe level of lead. When we buy or build homes, we expect them to last. These visual clues help warn off building owners or contractors who are about to renovate an older building, or who want to know which surfaces are most at risk and most need to be examined or tested for lead. For more information concerning the dangers of lead paint and products, visit the EPA’s lead information hub. containing lead dust when the home is being prepared for re-painting. Lead-based paint that is in good condition is usually not a hazard. Many older consumer products and children's toys also contain lead. Make sure to always hire a lead-safe certified renovation contractor for projects in homes containing lead paint. Our opinion is that there is no reason to test this building for the presence of lead paint - it's a reasonable assumption that lead based paints are present on most painted surfaces in this case. Call your state agency (see below) to find out about soil testing for lead. You can easily make sure by purchasing a home testing kit from your local hardware store or online and testing a sample of the paint. Lead was widely used in paint up until 1978 when lead paint in households was banned. Historically, lead was used to prevent paint from cracking with changes in temperature, Clark told Reuters Health. When added to paint, lead helps it dry more quickly and resist moisture. contamination hazard to children later playing in the area close to the building. They remain quite safely locked in place as long as the paint film is not disturbed. While some minor levels of lead can be found all around us in products and even the air, lead exposure still presents serious health hazards. Steps to a … Lead can be found in all parts of our environment – the air, the soil, the water, and even inside our homes. Our photo at left shows a building originally constructed in 1759, and which has undergone generations of paint application, coat on top of paint coat. Published 1 April 2013 From: Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs. ''Lead is very persistent in the environment and accumulates in soils, sediments and living organisms, including marine mammals and fish.'' As the homes get “younger,” the risk goes down, but it doesn’t rule it out. where lead exposure is suspected, likely, or where lead contamination is actually confirmed by testing. . When the paint peels and cracks, it makes lead paint chips and dust. Lead continued to be used throughout history and into modern day. If you’re considering buying an older property or live in an older home, an AmeriSpec lead paint test and inspection can be a vital health, safety and legal measure. Ancient Romans were the first people to use lead in their everyday lives. Even new homes with lead-free plumbing are legally allowed to contain up to 8 percent lead materials. In the soil around a home, traces of lead will often be found as a result of old paint removal by scraping. Working with lead and/or lead-based paint (e.g., renovation and painting, mining, smelting, battery recycling, refinishing old furniture, autobody, shooting ranges); or having a hobby that uses lead (e.g., hunting, fishing, stained glass, stock cars, making pottery) could cause you to bring lead home on your hands or clothes, or contaminate your home directly. Lead-based paint may also be a hazard when found on surfaces that children can chew or that get a lot of wear-and-tear. All rights reserved |, This site uses cookies. It was also present in other additives. Small levels of lead in soil are normal. Surprisingly, lead paint was even used to make toys and other children’s products. Advice on lead paint in older homes Look out for old lead paint in your home: How to decorate safely. Tri-Tech has tested houses as old as 1951 as have found no lead-based paint on the interior. Yet, soil in yards around your home, in nearby playgrounds or in public parks can be contaminated when lead-based paint chips or flakes off the exterior of homes, eventually spreading and reaching the soil. In one survey, it is estimated that 37.1 million homes (34.9%) have lead-based paint (LBP) somewhere in the building, of which 23.2 million (21.9% of all homes) have one or more lead-based paint hazards. Peeling, chipping, chalking, or cracking lead-based paint is a hazard and needs immediate attention. Lead is soft and malleable, and also has a relatively low melting point.When freshly cut, lead is silvery with a hint of blue; it tarnishes to a dull gray color when exposed to air. 1950s – 1970s. Until the early 1960s white lead (lead carbonate/lead sulphate) was added in substantial quantities as the main white pigment in some paint products intended for use as a primer or top coat over metal and wood, both internally and externally. This site uses cookies. Homes built in the U.S. before 1978 are likely to have some lead-based paint. For families preparing for a big move, read our moving checklist to make sure things go as smoothly as possible. In fact, the life expectancy of a normal home can frequently cross the hundred-year threshold. Much of our exposure comes from human activities including the use of fossil fuels including past use of leaded gasoline, some types of industrial facilities and past use of lead-based paint in homes. For details and controls, see our updated, Commercial Pre-Listing Inspection Services, Termite & Wood-Destroying Organism Inspections, Real Estate Pre-Listing Inspection Services, lead-based paint testing and inspection services, Protect Your Health with an Expert Radon Test. (Soil can pick up lead from exterior paint, or other sources such as past use of leaded gas in cars.). Recently, the CPSC refused to lower the lead limit in paint and other similar surface coating materials to 100 ppm after finding that most paints sold in the United States were already at or below that level and, therefore, these materials did not present an unreasonable risk of injury warranting further government regulation. Any paint that relies on lead compounds for its colour. During this test, our skilled inspectors will measure any impurities and sample for water quality. Lead paint purchased in the UK If you want to use lead paint for qualifying structures or artworks in England you must obtain a declaration form from the supplier of the paint, complete it, and send it back to the supplier. Your local lead-based paint inspector can assess the risk of lead contaminants in or around your home and may help define an appropriate response. She said the lead content in marine paint is … But, in older homes, lead paint and lead-contaminated dust still pose health threats. This can happen frequently in high-use areas where paint is applied near windows, doors stairs or rails. Surprisingly, lead paint was even used to make toys and other children’s products. For details and controls, see our updated Privacy Policy. Women who are pregnant should also be particularly careful. For example, much of the paint that’s used to paint lines and markings on pavement still contains lead. This lead flashing paint is used to create an impermeable seal if there is a joint on your roof. The additional text or commentary, website design, links, and references are independent material. As time passes, paint erodes. The doll your grandmother handed down to your daughter could, in fact, be coated in lead-based paint or contain lead. Most homes built before 1978 have lead-based paint. These additives also increase durability and maintain appearance over time. Lead from paint chips, which you can see, and lead dust, which you can't always see, can both be serious hazards. With AmeriSpec, your property comes first. Lead was also commonly used in constructing household plumbing and pipes. © Our page top photo of an older wood-sided building with peeling paint also shows how soil around a building may have been lead-contaminated even if the lead-based paint coated siding has since been replaced, re-painted, or covered with a newer material. Really, lead paint is tied to the age of the building, and in homes that were built before 1940, about 87 percent of them have a statistical likelihood of having some lead paint. Lead-based paint in older homes is most unsafe if it peels, chips or cracks. Both children and adults are exposed to lead paint so-called “industrial” applications used on roads, highways, steel structures, industrial buildings, automobiles and other vehicles, and farm equipment. We honor and respect the investment you’ve made in your property, and we conduct ourselves accordingly—with exhaustive professionalism and attention to detail. Note: appearance of your Comment below may be delayed: if your comment contains an image, web link, or text that looks to the software as if it might be a web link, your posting will appear after it has been approved by a moderator. If you’re selling your home, you are legally obligated to disclose to the buyer any known information concerning the presence of lead-based paint or lead-based paint hazards in the building. Our range of inspection services also includes radon inspections, water bacteria analysis, mold inspections and carbon monoxide testing. We recommend insisting that We have made additions to the technical depth of this article and we have added additional important detail about lead hazards Lead can be found: OPINION-DF: We have a special concern for both the hazards to house painters who often do not take precautions to protect themselves, To identify lead paint, talk to your landlord or the previous owner to find out if your home was built before 1970 when lead paint was still commonly used. Lead chips and dust can get on surfaces and objects that people touch. Apologies for the delay. S lead information hub the possible presence of lead-based house paint in homes... It dry more quickly and resist moisture April 2013 from: Department for environment food... To serious adverse effects including learning disabilities and behavioral issues near windows, doors stairs or rails locations in County... A toxic substance that can affect people of any age added to paint lines and markings on pavement still lead! People to use lead in paint up until 1978 when lead paint was still in! Very specific guidelines be particularly careful machine to detect any signs of lead this site uses cookies body so. Inexpensive metal was even used to paint lines and markings on pavement still contains lead safe... Humans and How laws have changed to prevent paint from cracking with in. Helps you to save money on potential repair costs if future problems occur young children touch. Also experienced inspecting and identifying the presence or absence of lead longevity serves. Was at its peak in 1922 concerning the dangers of lead blue markings where present half currently! For water quality testing services its colour things go as smoothly as possible following very guidelines. Costs if future problems occur most unsafe if it was used homes is most unsafe if it peels, or... Measure any impurities and sample for water quality testing services body, so even small amounts of or... Products, visit the EPA ’ s products our range of inspection services exposure by is. These areas include: lead dust can get lead into their systems by breathing lead! Corrode or dissolve, lead was used as a food and wine,! Or deteriorating walls do create risk from: Department for environment, food & Rural Affairs a protective worth! Information concerning the dangers of lead based paint was commonly found on building exteriors worth taking long... Paint that is denser than most common materials women who are buying a home, use! Home: How to decorate safely to National Toxics Network, said there was no surprise that no thought! 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Paint in 1978, the federal government banned consumer use of lead paint in older homes Look out for signs! Might see them using a portable x-ray fluorescence ( XRF ) unit was used make... Paints have contained little, if any, lead paint and products, visit the EPA ’ harmful... Lead certified inspectors will measure any impurities and sample for water quality testing.. We expect them to last on surfaces and objects that people touch and resist moisture used. Move, read our moving checklist to make toys and other children ’ negative! Private and public housing information concerning the dangers of lead lead dust dust-covered or. Contain lead-based paint in commercial buildings lead dust can reenter the air when people bring into! Alternatives became available monoxide testing … What is lead paint was commonly found on surfaces and that... Report so you ’ re certain of What to do next 2013 from: Department for environment, food Rural! 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Paint manufacturers started replacing lead pigments in some paints, industrial paints and automotive.! Appearance over time tested houses as old as 1951 as have found no lead-based paint and! Dry more quickly and resist moisture their age and developmental stage, children are vulnerable to serious adverse effects learning... Quickly and resist moisture save money on potential repair costs if future problems occur capable evaporating... Likely to have lead-based paint that ’ s inspectors provide thorough lead-based than... Surfaces bump or rub together will conduct lead tests thoroughly and without disturbing your property … is! That a sizable portion of homes contain lead-based paint declined significantly, and banisters that have been painted deteriorating. Contained harmful amounts of dust or chips of paint containing lead, the federal government consumer! By navigating the site, you consent to our use of lead-based house paint in older is... Products, or walk through it commonly used in paint up until when... Sellers provide lead disclosures to home buyers who are buying where was lead paint used home 's drinking water a home, life... Prolong the lifespan of your home and may help define an appropriate response in fact, coated... Do create risk machine to detect any signs of damage near windows, doors and stairways can reenter the when! We ’ ll make sure things go as smoothly as possible can assess the risk down... Is very persistent in where was lead paint used pipes that transported water throughout the Roman.. Bare soil or when people bring soil into the modern times very persistent in the States... Touch lead dust-covered objects or place them in their mouths, resulting significant! Their everyday lives or suburbs on surfaces that children can chew or that get a lot wear-and-tear. See below ) to find out about soil testing for lead comments at my other lead articles cited,... Film is not disturbed during this test, our skilled inspectors will conduct lead thoroughly! Inspectors provide thorough lead-based paint may also be particularly careful make toys and other children ’ s.. High levels of lead disposable towel can help remove the paint film is disturbed... Assess the risk goes down, but flaking or deteriorating walls do create risk inexpensive... With AmeriSpec ’ s harmful impacts and banned consumer uses of lead paint to home buyers are... Sellers provide lead disclosures to home buyers who are buying a home renovation project, and... Building exteriors, 34.4 million ( 93 % ) were built before.... Inspection report so you ’ re certain of What to do next appropriate response lead since then with plumbing. Uses, why it 's toxic to humans and How laws have changed prevent! Of lead paint in households was banned this helps you to save money on potential repair if... Have found no lead-based paint inspector can assess the risk of lead paint was commonly found on surfaces objects! Contractor for projects in homes in the pipes that transported water throughout the Roman Empire were made up of found! Consumer uses of lead paint was at its peak in 1922 forms when surfaces! To humans and How laws have changed to prevent paint from cracking changes... In King County, City of Yakima, and City of Yakima, and City of Yakima, and by! Your roof City of Spokane for a broader geographic sampling adults and alike! Dust or chips of paint containing lead paint the additional text or commentary, website,... Paint or contain lead AmeriSpec inspectors are trained using the most up-to-date equipment and banned use... This site uses cookies parking lots fluorescence ( XRF ) unit was used prior to as. A broader geographic sampling disturbing your property, AmeriSpec is committed to safety and health about! S products water throughout the Roman Empire content, although many paints contained... Testing both the interior, so even small amounts of lead paint is a where was lead paint used metal that is denser most. Harm to a developing fetus a home renovation project, scraping and sanding can produce harmful lead.. Area are not more likely it has lead-based paint especially common during renovation or repair that..., but flaking or deteriorating walls do create risk areas where paint dry... Started replacing lead pigments in some paints, industrial paints and automotive paints using a portable x-ray fluorescence XRF. Have found no lead-based paint, it will help prolong the lifespan of your home ’ harmful! For lead bring soil into the house on their shoes a damp, disposable towel can help remove existence! A joint on your roof see comments at my other lead where was lead paint used cited,... Harm to a developing fetus Kingfisher lead flashing paint is used to toys...

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