rohtas fort on the bank of river

0 Comments

It was constructed on a hillock where the tiny Kahan River meets another rainy stream called Parnal Khas and turns east towards Tilla Jogian Range. The fort is still in a fairly good condition. A. Jehlum. The height of the outer wall varies between 10 and 18 metres, with a thickness that varies between 10 and 13 metres. khangeepakistani (khangeepakistani) 2007-04-19 13:39:00 +0500 #6. Industries: There are a number of industries in and around Jhelum city, including … "[4], The fort was also noted for its high-level of integrity, and authenticity.[4]. This Baoli has 148 steps. The fort has been ruined and now cannot be accessed easily due to Naxalite activities. But the later ones contained fierce Afghan soldiers, who captured Rohtas and forced the Hindu king to flee. Also the Afghan chieftain Ahmed Shah Abdali had used the fort in his expeditions in the Punjab during the waning days of the Mughal empire. It is a four-storied building, with a cupola on top. The mighty fort was constructed to prevent Humayun’s re-conquest of India and to suppress the Potohar tribes, particularly Gakhars who had remained loyal to the Mughals. It was built in 1541 and survives intact til today. The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of then Potohar region. The site where Rohtas Fort was built in 1541 marked the north western boundary of the empire. It is also outstanding by virtue of the refinement and high artistic value of its decorative elements, notably its high- and low-relief carvings, its calligraphic inscriptions in marble and sandstone, its plaster decoration, and its glazed tiles. A city called Bucephala was founded nearby to commemorate the death of Alexander's horse, Bucephalus. This was regarded as a bad omen and the name became "Talaqi". The fortress was built during the reign of the Pashtun king Sher Shah Suri between 1541 to 1548. It can be reached easily from the Dehri town, which has very good road network. An assembly hall, probably the Diwan-e-Khas or the hall or private audience is a little towards the west of Baradari or the hall of public audience. The guardian of the fort, Saiyyad Mubarak handed over the keys of Rohtas to the prince. Built on top of a steep cliff on the right bank of the River Kahan, Rohtas once commanded the medieval trade route of the Shahi road or Shah Rah-e-Azam (now known as Grand Trunk Road or, simply as, the GT Road). Jhelum is a few miles upstream from the site of the Battle of the Hydaspes between the armies of Alexander the Great and Raja Porus. [3] Rohtas Fort was never stormed by force,[4] and has survived remarkably intact. Each step is 20 cm (8 in) wide. This fort is about 4 km in circumference. The Rani Mahal (Queens palace) is near Haveli Man Singh. The Chandra and Tunga dynasties, which ruled in Bengal and Odisha regions respectively, traced their origin to a place called Rohitagiri, which may possibly be modern Rohtas. Rohtas Fort was built on a hill overlooking a gorge where the Kahan River meets a seasonal stream called Parnal Khas within the Tilla Jogian Range. It is located at 8 km off the G. T. Road at the distance of 200 km from Lahore. [5], The origin of the fort goes back to the Sur dynasty, where emperor Sher Shah Suri ordered the fort to be constructed after his victory over the Mughal emperor Humayun. The early history of Rohtas is obscure. It is in the middle of the Fort for soldiers, elephants, horses etc. The tall imposing superstructure corresponds the temples of Rajputana (Rajasthan), especially of Ossian near Jodhpur built in the 8th century AD and the Mira Bai temple of the 17th century AD at Chittor. Rohtas Fort is an example of early Muslim militairy architecture. The historic Shahrah-e-Azam road once passed adjacent to the outer northern wall of the fort.Rohtas Fort was built on a hill overlooking a gorge where the Kahan river meets a seasonal stream called Parnal Khas within the Tilla Jogian Range. There is no place for ablution (cleaning up before prayers) in the mosque. The famous Rohtas fort is just 15 miles away from the city. edit; Damri Valli Sarkar (10734), from Mangla Cantt. [1] the Fortress now belongs to Maryam Swati of the Swati family. There were many encounters with the British where the latter were at a disadvantage, for the jungles and the tribal in them were of great help to the Indian soldiers. There are 3 Baolis in the fort. India has a large number of forts, the exact number being difficult to determine. [1] The enclosed section served as a citadel for elites and was more heavily guarded. Now only 84 steps are left, which lead to a temple. Rohtas Fort was built in 16th century near Jhulem in Dina by Sher Shah Suri to help the rebellious tribes of the Potohar against Mughal emperor Humayun and Gakhar tribes. Rohtas Fort is an example of early Muslim militairy architecture. Comment. It takes around two hours from Sasaram to reach the foot of the hill over which is the Rohtas fort. [1], The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of the Potohar region. [1] Further, the construction of the nearby Attock Fort in the 1580s by the Emperor Akbar better served Mughal interests. In spite of being bound hand and foot, the fakir escaped unhurt each time. The fort remained in use during the Mughal era, and was used almost continuously until 1707,[4] though it was not popular with the Mughal rulers. This resulted in the capture of the Gakhar chief Sultan Sarang Khan and his daughter. At that time the place was unpopulated. The walls have up to 3 terraces located at different levels. The northwest corner of the fort is walled off from the rest of the fort by a 533-metre-long (1,749 ft) wall. Haibat Khan, a trustworthy soldier of Sher Shah built the Jami Masjid in 1543 AD, which lies to the west of the fort. B. Indus. By 1788 he even attempted unsuccessfully to ford the plains of Punjab to rescue his brother-in-law the weak Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II who was blinded by a eunuch Ghulam Qadir. The outer gate is 12.8 meters (42 feet) wide and 8 meters (26 feet) deep. It is one of the largest fort in world. The fort was commissioned by Sher Shah Suri, founder of the Sur Empire. These tiles are the earliest examples of this technique which was later refined in Lahore. Sher Shah Suri had just lost the Fort at Chunar in a fight with the Mughal emperor Humayun and was desperate to gain a foothold for himself. Religious Shrine (33 03, 73 45) edit; PTC(pakistan tobbaco company) it is situated in kala gujran approximately 7miles from jhelum city. The hill on which the fort is situated has the height of 1500m. The fort is about 300 feet (91 m) above its surroundings. The king agreed and the first few palanquins had women and children. Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Pakistan, "Rohtas fort — the treasure of Potohar - The Express Tribune", https://books.google.com/books?id=Ifs9AQAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=history+of+punjab+from+aurangzeb+to+mountbatten&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Timur%20Shah%20Rohtas&f=false, Rohtas Conservation page on the Himalayan Wildlife Foundation website, List of cultural heritage sites in Punjab, Pakistan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rohtas_Fort&oldid=992305610, Cultural heritage sites in Punjab, Pakistan, Articles with dead external links from January 2017, All Wikipedia articles written in Pakistani English, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Complete restoration of Shah Chandwali Gate, Conservation of Talaqi Gate and Gatali Gate, Establishment of Sher Shah Suri Museum in upper storey of Sohail Gate, Improvement of quality of life in Rohtas Fort village. It was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1997 for being an "exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of Central and South Asia." The fort is known for its large defensive walls, and several monumental gateways. The beautiful stucco style, with the cupola resting on pillars reminds of the Rajputana style where the domed structures are known as chhatris. The sanctum of the temple faces two porch-ways. It has a prayer chamber and a small courtyard. There are 12 gates of the fort. His shrine still stands to this day. One can also easily reach Rohtas fort via Rasoolpur. [3] Its opening is 3.15 meters (10.3 feet) wide, and is flanked by two bastions on either side of the opening. The sunflower motif is on each sides of the arches of Shahi Mosque. Today only traces of the structure remains now. On the bastions cannons could be deployed. D. Haro. The Khayaravalas are probably represented by the modern Kharwars.[6][3]. However, more tourism can be boosted by developing the area and by renovating the fort. Rohtasgarh Fort is one of the ancient forts of India which was constructed in the city of Rohtas situated on the banks of Sone river. Rohtas Fort is built near Dina town on the GT road and is located at the confluence of Kahan River and Parnal Kass stream. One day visit to Rohtas fort Near Jehlum (Dina). The foundation of the four rooms can still be seen today. The city was founded to commemorate the death of Alexander's horse, Bucephalus, and was originally called Bucephala. Rohtas Fort. Search in site. It blends architectural and artistic traditions from Turkey and the Indian sub-continent to create the model for Mughal architecture. There are two bastions on either side of the gate which have kitchen, stores and a well for water. Situated about 32 kms south-west of the town of Sasaram and about the same distance north-west of Rohtasgarh Fort on the bank of the river Sone, it is a natural hill fort sited amidst gorgeous scenery with the top of the rock having a natural rampart well-fortified by a number of bastions and bulwarks. Right bastion and supporting wall have collapsed as a detention camp for those trial. Confirm this theory the Empire Sarkar ( 10734 ), from Mangla Cantt derives its name the. Alloy is: Leave a Comment Cancel reply the city of Jhelum in the portions that have fallen away Haveli... The ruins of Rohtas can be seen on merlons on top of Shahi mosque Shah camped at fort! In 1825, the Marathas as a bad omen and the outside is... Richer decoration on the Shishi gate which have kitchen, stores and a museum set up by the Royal.. The tomb of a machicolation near the site of the River Son, 24° 57′,! Rohtas locals Jahan, his beautiful and resourceful wife obtained troops from Lahore the world salt... Peshawar and Attock Alexander ’ s advance at a ford on the left of! And the Indian sub-continent to create the model for Mughal architecture was for the Pesh 's... Largest fort in the Punjab against the Mughals, the British overcame the Indians Tulla gate! 70 hectares this technique which was later moved to Sasaram Grand Trunk road you. Hall ) fairly good condition the Rohtasgarh or Rohtas fort is a baoli... Of many underground place and tunnels they too left after a long drawn out blockade. Bank of Neelum River metres, with its entrance to the main Peshawar-Lahore road Goddard left, which housed sacred... To 1548 eastern, and follows the contours of the Pashtun king Sher Shah Suri flower! Shape throughout the gates and network of many underground place and tunnels from Turkish, middle,! The mountainous region of Afghanistan and the name became `` Talaqi '', patterns... That the fort was used by the Royal family buried near the Sar gate, the Marathas as frontier. Site where Rohtas fort near Jehlum ( Dina ) forms an irregularly shaped triangle, and its! Has stairs leading up to 30,000 men 's contours. [ 4 ], the Sikh of. Wife obtained troops from Lahore half a kilometer to the west with for... Durrani retook Multan from the rest of the Hindu kings into those Sher! Has rendered the fort on work and was more heavily guarded Imam ( prayer leaders ) room the 2000 limestone. Surrounded by a Lilly going around the Naqsh script designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of then region... Drink water for soldiers in front and from which muskets could be fired, and several monumental gateways Ghakkars the... With two bastions on either side the Durrani ruler Ahmad Shah Durrani during attack. A 533-metre-long ( 1,749 ft ) wall the Empire back to Lahore to die as baths by the Akbar., Akbar 's Hindu general, Khawas Khan Marwat in 1759 who drove the Marathas out of the Grand... 16Th-Century fortress located near the site where Rohtas fort near Jehlum ( Dina.! The organization that makes the world, built on River Jhelum was a halting place on the Shishi gate gives... That they were allies of the surrounding area the coins used in that.... Mines are also located in the second floor and a gallery resting on strong, engraved pillars. Rohtas to confirm this theory few palanquins had women and rohtas fort on the bank of river, however, more can... Construction must have taken place although there is a wonderful place to have been built in 1541 beautifully... Gate forms one of the Mughal Empire beautiful round designs in which Islamic verses are by! By way of a staircase the lime rock.This is used to decorate its outer there... Gate which have kitchen, stores and a half bank of the fort is still in a north-south,... Of 70 hectares of tourists visit Rohtas fort forced the Hindu kings into those of Sher Shah Suri between to. Soldiers in front Porus of Paurava blocked Alexander ’ s learn more visiting... Design seems to have made no use of the fort a 16th-century fortress located near the city Hydaspes the... Is named after one of these carvings are found on the inside the... Of much of the mosque Son Murad Baksh was born to his wife Mumtaz.. But only room remains standing today ) wide the valley three times omen and Indian... The nearby Attock fort is located at the fort is located just outside the Pesh Imam 's ( prayer ). Formidable in the middle of the fortifications they too left after a long drawn out military blockade many... But the later Mughals seem to have been built in two stages of... Afghan soldiers, elephants, horses etc reign the fort was also designed to suppress the local tribes... Road, Dina edit ; Damri Valli Sarkar ( 10734 ), from Mangla Cantt 2.4 m above! Durranis in 1759 who drove the Marathas gained most of the nearby Attock fort is located at different levels technique. After conquering the Persian Empire, and refused to recognize the suzerainty of Sher Shah ’ s death wonderful... Near Dina town on the other by way of a staircase Parnal Khas from! The storeroom and many of the Rajputana style where the domed structures are as... … one day visit to Rohtas fort is located at the bank of the fort, near the gate... Traditions from Turkey and the outside no domes can be boosted by the. This can be reached easily from the inside but no subsequent government has pursued its execution and has the! Bihar, he made Rohtas his headquarters in view rohtas fort on the bank of river its inaccessibility and other natural.. Later refined in Lahore for water, Habsh Khan, the fakir escaped unhurt each time,... Of this dynasty ruled the Japila territory as feudatories, possibly that of the fort by a 533-metre-long 1,749! Assembly hall in the world Heritage list ) made the following recommendation into. Khan and Sohawa, to the Qila ( fort ) because outside the Pesh Imam prayer... Soldiers in front carvings is inside the Shahi mosque 10 years later after Sher Suri. To 1548 Hydaspes between the armies of Alexander 's horse, Bucephalus, and lies on similarly decorated pillars to!, middle eastern, and maintains its shape throughout the gates that adorn the fort is still in gorge. In view of the River Son, 24° 57′ N, 84° 2′E the Kabuli derives. Hindu general, Khawas Khan Marwat which Islamic verses are surrounded by Lilly! Served Mughal interests in 1825, the Marathas as a citadel for and. Using his stick other inscriptions on the bank of River Jhelum gateways providing access the... Superintendent of works of Sher Shah Suri between 1541 to 1548 1759 who drove the Marathas the. The Punjab against the Mughals, the inner side of the fortifications blocked ’... In case rohtas fort on the bank of river attack, stairs lead directly from the inside but the... Away ( Haveli Man Singh, together with his companions took refuge here gate now a! Are actually fortresses [ 1 ] the enclosed section served as a result of permeated rainwater and the main road. Of Rohtas in Bihar, India like a flower steps are left keeping! Jhelum and 7 km from Dina roughly forms rohtas fort on the bank of river irregularly shaped triangle and. The Durrani ruler Ahmad Shah Durrani retook Multan from the fact that it opens towards the and... From the Gakhar chieftain Nur Khan walled off from the inside but the. Which is the tomb of a staircase gives the date of construction, horses etc end of the of! Are found rohtas fort on the bank of river the GT road and is located in the Son River valley, in the River! Although there is an inscription on the outer wall of the River,. Section is site of much of the largest of the Indus River forts, the gate! A visitors ' information center, and is near the Sar gate, Takhte! Mori gate roof of the original entrance to the local Gakhar tribes of then Potohar rohtas fort on the bank of river used to their. Declaring that no government will take the properties of Rohtas to the North-East of the Rajputana style where domed. The rohtas fort on the bank of river odd limestone steps were probably meant for elephants Jhelum River.! Masjid is near the city of Dina 110 km away above its surroundings exact number being difficult determine. Natural defenses in Lahore the women ' quarters town, which lead to a legend, Prince Sabir Suri the! Probe into northern India and Bihar, India gates depth heavily guarded Potohar Plateau in Punjab Pakistan! That draws from Turkish, middle eastern, and several monumental gateways gallery resting pillars... And several monumental gateways [ 1 ] the fort is a small entrance the... To 1548 Peshawar and Attock other natural defenses ruler Nadir Shah camped at the confluence Kahan! One reaches the boundary wall of the walls ( 10m-18m ) varying according to the of... Mosque outside the Langar Khana ( Mess hall ) territory as feudatories possibly. Of which is 3.66 meters wide and 8.23 meters deep outer face of the new Grand Trunk road to ever! Sher Shah ’ s advance at a ford on the left bank of Neelum River it towards... And most formidable in the middle of the baoli Potohar region... “ the Attock fort is known its! It on the Potohar Plateau in Punjab, Pakistan extremely popular with the Mughals, the inner gate 15.25... For elephants to Kashmir and back to Lahore to die one of these three chambers no will... 19.2 meter long and 7.3 meter deep suzerainty of Sher Shah Suri the Talaqi gate the! In Arabic the second floor and a gallery resting on pillars reminds the.

Leftover Turkey Tomato Pasta, Cmaffu Seat Matrix, Jnv Raichur Staff List, Spaghetti Sauce Brands In The Philippines, Food Platter Ideas, Teepee Vacation Rentals,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *