rohtas fort on the bank of river
It was constructed on a hillock where the tiny Kahan River meets another rainy stream called Parnal Khas and turns east towards Tilla Jogian Range. The fort is still in a fairly good condition. A. Jehlum. The height of the outer wall varies between 10 and 18 metres, with a thickness that varies between 10 and 13 metres. khangeepakistani (khangeepakistani) 2007-04-19 13:39:00 +0500 #6. Industries: There are a number of industries in and around Jhelum city, including … ", The fort was also noted for its high-level of integrity, and authenticity.. This Baoli has 148 steps. The fort has been ruined and now cannot be accessed easily due to Naxalite activities. But the later ones contained fierce Afghan soldiers, who captured Rohtas and forced the Hindu king to flee. Also the Afghan chieftain Ahmed Shah Abdali had used the fort in his expeditions in the Punjab during the waning days of the Mughal empire. It is a four-storied building, with a cupola on top. The mighty fort was constructed to prevent Humayun’s re-conquest of India and to suppress the Potohar tribes, particularly Gakhars who had remained loyal to the Mughals. It was built in 1541 and survives intact til today. The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of then Potohar region. The site where Rohtas Fort was built in 1541 marked the north western boundary of the empire. It is also outstanding by virtue of the refinement and high artistic value of its decorative elements, notably its high- and low-relief carvings, its calligraphic inscriptions in marble and sandstone, its plaster decoration, and its glazed tiles. A city called Bucephala was founded nearby to commemorate the death of Alexander's horse, Bucephalus. This was regarded as a bad omen and the name became "Talaqi". The fortress was built during the reign of the Pashtun king Sher Shah Suri between 1541 to 1548. It can be reached easily from the Dehri town, which has very good road network. An assembly hall, probably the Diwan-e-Khas or the hall or private audience is a little towards the west of Baradari or the hall of public audience. The guardian of the fort, Saiyyad Mubarak handed over the keys of Rohtas to the prince. Built on top of a steep cliff on the right bank of the River Kahan, Rohtas once commanded the medieval trade route of the Shahi road or Shah Rah-e-Azam (now known as Grand Trunk Road or, simply as, the GT Road). Jhelum is a few miles upstream from the site of the Battle of the Hydaspes between the armies of Alexander the Great and Raja Porus.  Rohtas Fort was never stormed by force, and has survived remarkably intact. Each step is 20 cm (8 in) wide. This fort is about 4 km in circumference. The Rani Mahal (Queens palace) is near Haveli Man Singh. The Chandra and Tunga dynasties, which ruled in Bengal and Odisha regions respectively, traced their origin to a place called Rohitagiri, which may possibly be modern Rohtas. Rohtas Fort was built on a hill overlooking a gorge where the Kahan River meets a seasonal stream called Parnal Khas within the Tilla Jogian Range. It is located at 8 km off the G. T. Road at the distance of 200 km from Lahore. , The origin of the fort goes back to the Sur dynasty, where emperor Sher Shah Suri ordered the fort to be constructed after his victory over the Mughal emperor Humayun. The early history of Rohtas is obscure. It is in the middle of the Fort for soldiers, elephants, horses etc. The tall imposing superstructure corresponds the temples of Rajputana (Rajasthan), especially of Ossian near Jodhpur built in the 8th century AD and the Mira Bai temple of the 17th century AD at Chittor. Rohtas Fort is an example of early Muslim militairy architecture. The historic Shahrah-e-Azam road once passed adjacent to the outer northern wall of the fort.Rohtas Fort was built on a hill overlooking a gorge where the Kahan river meets a seasonal stream called Parnal Khas within the Tilla Jogian Range. There is no place for ablution (cleaning up before prayers) in the mosque. The famous Rohtas fort is just 15 miles away from the city. edit; Damri Valli Sarkar (10734), from Mangla Cantt.  the Fortress now belongs to Maryam Swati of the Swati family. There were many encounters with the British where the latter were at a disadvantage, for the jungles and the tribal in them were of great help to the Indian soldiers. There are 3 Baolis in the fort. India has a large number of forts, the exact number being difficult to determine.  The enclosed section served as a citadel for elites and was more heavily guarded. Now only 84 steps are left, which lead to a temple. Rohtas Fort was built in 16th century near Jhulem in Dina by Sher Shah Suri to help the rebellious tribes of the Potohar against Mughal emperor Humayun and Gakhar tribes. Rohtas Fort is an example of early Muslim militairy architecture. Comment. It takes around two hours from Sasaram to reach the foot of the hill over which is the Rohtas fort. , The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of the Potohar region.  Further, the construction of the nearby Attock Fort in the 1580s by the Emperor Akbar better served Mughal interests. In spite of being bound hand and foot, the fakir escaped unhurt each time. The fort remained in use during the Mughal era, and was used almost continuously until 1707, though it was not popular with the Mughal rulers. This resulted in the capture of the Gakhar chief Sultan Sarang Khan and his daughter. At that time the place was unpopulated. The walls have up to 3 terraces located at different levels. The northwest corner of the fort is walled off from the rest of the fort by a 533-metre-long (1,749 ft) wall. Haibat Khan, a trustworthy soldier of Sher Shah built the Jami Masjid in 1543 AD, which lies to the west of the fort. B. Indus. By 1788 he even attempted unsuccessfully to ford the plains of Punjab to rescue his brother-in-law the weak Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II who was blinded by a eunuch Ghulam Qadir. The outer gate is 12.8 meters (42 feet) wide and 8 meters (26 feet) deep. It is one of the largest fort in world. The fort was commissioned by Sher Shah Suri, founder of the Sur Empire. These tiles are the earliest examples of this technique which was later refined in Lahore. Sher Shah Suri had just lost the Fort at Chunar in a fight with the Mughal emperor Humayun and was desperate to gain a foothold for himself. Religious Shrine (33 03, 73 45) edit; PTC(pakistan tobbaco company) it is situated in kala gujran approximately 7miles from jhelum city. The hill on which the fort is situated has the height of 1500m. The fort is about 300 feet (91 m) above its surroundings. The king agreed and the first few palanquins had women and children. Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Pakistan, "Rohtas fort — the treasure of Potohar - The Express Tribune", https://books.google.com/books?id=Ifs9AQAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=history+of+punjab+from+aurangzeb+to+mountbatten&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Timur%20Shah%20Rohtas&f=false, Rohtas Conservation page on the Himalayan Wildlife Foundation website, List of cultural heritage sites in Punjab, Pakistan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rohtas_Fort&oldid=992305610, Cultural heritage sites in Punjab, Pakistan, Articles with dead external links from January 2017, All Wikipedia articles written in Pakistani English, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Complete restoration of Shah Chandwali Gate, Conservation of Talaqi Gate and Gatali Gate, Establishment of Sher Shah Suri Museum in upper storey of Sohail Gate, Improvement of quality of life in Rohtas Fort village. It was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1997 for being an "exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of Central and South Asia." The fort is known for its large defensive walls, and several monumental gateways. The beautiful stucco style, with the cupola resting on pillars reminds of the Rajputana style where the domed structures are known as chhatris. The sanctum of the temple faces two porch-ways. It has a prayer chamber and a small courtyard. There are 12 gates of the fort. His shrine still stands to this day. One can also easily reach Rohtas fort via Rasoolpur.  Its opening is 3.15 meters (10.3 feet) wide, and is flanked by two bastions on either side of the opening. The sunflower motif is on each sides of the arches of Shahi Mosque. Today only traces of the structure remains now. On the bastions cannons could be deployed. D. Haro. The Khayaravalas are probably represented by the modern Kharwars.. However, more tourism can be boosted by developing the area and by renovating the fort. Rohtasgarh Fort is one of the ancient forts of India which was constructed in the city of Rohtas situated on the banks of Sone river. Rohtas Fort is built near Dina town on the GT road and is located at the confluence of Kahan River and Parnal Kass stream. One day visit to Rohtas fort Near Jehlum (Dina). The foundation of the four rooms can still be seen today. The city was founded to commemorate the death of Alexander's horse, Bucephalus, and was originally called Bucephala. Rohtas Fort. Search in site. It blends architectural and artistic traditions from Turkey and the Indian sub-continent to create the model for Mughal architecture. There are two bastions on either side of the gate which have kitchen, stores and a well for water. 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