feeding pregnant dog raw diet
The need for vitamins and microminerals, specifically iron and copper, increases during the third trimester and lactation. As with all other kinds of mammals, female dogs (bitches) carry their young while pregnant, and give birth to them live. The first five weeks is not necessary to modify the ration or feeding method. The raw diet changes include: Pregnant and lactating female dogs have an increased need for calcium to support puppy development, milk production, and providing sufficient nutrients to the mother dog. National Academies Press, 2007. Immediately after giving birth, it also perfectly natural and common for a birth to eat her afterbirth, which should not be discouraged. However, if there is no supply of carbohydrates in the diet, glucose requirements can be met through precursor nutrients, glycogenic amino acids or glycerol from fats, through gluconeogenesis. For the most part, this is raw meat (lean muscle), offal, small amounts of fur and bone, and fruit and vegetables which may have been foraged. Raw dog food diets are controversial. When Should the Diet be Changed? Once you have established that she is pregnant, it is of paramount importance – both to the bitch and unborn pups – that you implement a special care regime. National Research Council. Lean muscle supports growth and repair, while cartilage supports strong joints. Nutrient Requirements of Dogs and Cats. However, the diet should switch back to a normal raw diet for adult dogs when the puppies have begun weaning onto solid food. On average, a PMR and BARF diet for an adult dog calls for 5% liver. The micronutrients are listed per 1000kcal consumed: * Vitamin A: 1 IU is the biological equivalent of 0.3 micrograms (mcg) retinol. The primary role of protein is to supply amino acids for muscle and organ protein synthesis, the creation of enzymes, the creation of hormones, and energy. For the most part, this is raw meat (lean muscle), offal, small amounts of fur and bone, and fruit and vegetables which may have been foraged. The liver ratio in the diet should increase to support the essential nutrient requirements during this time. Post Birth…. The principle is that female dog in the first half of pregnancy does not gain weight. It requires an increase in essential nutrients and calories to ensure the milk produced is sufficient to feed a litter of puppies. While much of this need not be overly complicated, it is nevertheless crucial, and should not be overlooked. Feeding your dog a puppy formula from week 6 of her pregnancy will help her to stay strong, and also passes nutrients to her puppies through her milk. The increase of calcium is needed to maintain homeostasis within the pregnant dog and provide enough calcium for her developing puppies. Carbohydrates easily supply glucose. All dogs need a complete and balanced diet, especially pregnant dogs. Therefore, a pregnant dog needs more calcium during the last trimester. If you are already feeding a proper raw diet, you can pretty much just continue feeding what you normally do right up to that last two weeks. As she will be lactating and nursing her puppies which is in and of itself another hard job, owners should not become complacent about providing their bitch with a proper diet after she has given birth. Can I feed my pregnant or lactating dog raw food? Quality protein fed in the right quantities should be a priority for pregnant dogs. Can a Dame be fed raw food? Feeding a pregnant or lactating female dog a raw diet is slightly different than the traditional raw feeding guidelines for healthy adult dogs. Milk production is physically demanding on the body. There are two types of carbohydrates – simple and complex – and the difference between the two are the number of sugar units. Extending those feeding practices to the family pet is a more recent idea, proposed in 1993 by Australian veterinarian Ian Billinghurst. Ideally, this should be as unprocessed as possible, as dogs did not evolve to effectively digest and gain goodness and nutritional value from low grade, intensively processed and refined cooked foods such as kibble. The Second half of Pregnancy Just like the third trimester of pregnancy, feeding during lactation is best accomplished using a highly digestible, high quality puppy food. Calculating caloric requirements for dogs is difficult. Throughout a female dog’s pregnancy, their body goes through many changes during gestation and lactation. Simply removing grains from your dog’s food doesn’t automatically make it healthier, however – you still need to make sure that it is made from wholesome, natural ingredients. I actually do not change what I feed my bitches before they get pregnant except for giving them more as they need it during the pregnancy its self. For those … Feeding a pregnant or lactating female dog a raw diet is slightly different than the traditional raw feeding guidelines for healthy, 1 IU is the biological equivalent of 0.3 micrograms (mcg) retinol, The amount of bone in the diet can vary and it is best to follow the consistency of the mother dog’s, Bone and Calcium Content in Raw Meaty Bones (RMB). There are no recommended allowances for carbohydrates for dogs; and therefore starches do not have any identified nutrient requirements. Offal (i.e. In this process, the demand for dietary iron increases. Even at the best of times, these are unhealthy for all dogs and have been strongly linked to many health conditions. Raw dog food is available commercially, usually as frozen logs that can be thawed prior to feeding. beef, lamb, goat, bison, etc.) Check with both your vet and pet food manufacturer that the diet can support her during pregnancy and lactation, and be aware that portions will need to be higher than if you were using a growth diet or product specifically formulated for pregnancy. When is to switch from normal food for adult dogs for food for pregnant and lactating bitch. over poultry or pork liver. Overtime you may need to adjust the feeding amounts based off of your pet’s physical appearance. This increased requirement for iron can be met through selecting a specific ingredient to serve as the other organ ratio in PMR and BARF diets. Dana has been a raw feeding, natural rearing breeder since the 90's and is a sought after speaker and outspoken advocate for natural health care for dogs and people. Another thing we’d like to mention is that raw diets are only safe for dogs 12 weeks and older. Fat provides nutritional compounds to supply pregnant and lactating dogs with energy, essential fatty acids (EFAs), and is a vehicle for nutrient absorption and transportation. These adjustments include an increase in edible bone, selecting ruminant liver options only, utilizing spleen as the other organ, and including moderate amounts of starches for glucose to serve as a quick source of energy. Many owners of pregnant dogs think about implementing dietary changes as soon as their dogs are bred. As all of ProDog Raw’s products are packed full of protein and nutritional value, we are uniquely placed to support your bitch during this, and the earlier stages of her pregnancy. Learn more about preparing vegetables for optimal digestion. Once they are born, the puppies will begin nursing. Day 1: Feed 75% of your current (old) food and mix in 25% of the raw food in each serving to start the adjustment period for clean digestion. Owners should also plan their pregnant dog’s diet in certain phases, but this is not an overly complicated process. Below are copper values for livers per 1oz (28g): Duck Liver Cautions To prevent eclampsia, many feeding raw switch to kibble during pregnancy, but many also continue feeding raw, but remove all bones from the diet during the last trimester with success. Your e-mail address will not be published. Learn more about the bone and calcium content in raw meaty bones. Iron requirements increase during the third trimester and throughout lactation; and feeding spleen helps ensure this essential nutrient is provided in the raw diet. Puppies should nurse on the mother for a minimum of 4 weeks and these diet recommendations should be fed throughout lactation to support healthy milk production during this time. Raw feeding is exactly what it sounds like – feeding your pet raw ingredients, rather than the traditional cooked food that is more commonly available. Why you should feed your pregnant dog puppy food. over poultry or pork liver. There is one exception to this guideline. No matter which method you’re considering, here are some important points to keep in mind. Ruminant livers provide a higher mineral density, specifically in copper, than poultry and pork liver which makes it ideal to use in a raw diet for a pregnant or lactating dog. By the sixth week, her stomach will have shrunk to accommodate her growing puppies, so owners should decrease serving sizes, but provide her with numerous smaller meals throughout the day. How to Feed Your Dog Biologically Appropriate Raw Foods Is Feeding Raw Meaty Bones Right for My Dog? As far as quantities, you will probably want to increase them … These changes begin at the third trimester of gestation and do not end until the puppies are weaning onto solid food. Pregnant bitches – much like pregnant women – require additional levels of medical and veterinary care during the approximate two months before they give birth. Ruminant livers provide a higher mineral density, specifically in copper, than poultry and pork liver which makes it ideal to use in a raw diet for a pregnant or lactating dog. It is very important during a dog’s pregnancy to refrain from feeding low quality and nutrient-void high-starch or pulse dense intensively processed foods. However, adult dogs have specific requirements for amino acids, carbon skeletons, and nitrogen. In the days leading up to this, though, owners should gradually decrease the amounts of food she is eating while increasing protein and offal quantities. The increased calcium needs can be met through slightly increasing the edible bone ratio within a PMR and BARF diet for an adult dog. Pregnant dog care needs to be a primary concern, and the dog food you choose impacts fetal health and the overall health of the pregnant dog. Once she begins to eat again, you immediately start putting the calcium back into her … Many breeders recommend starting calcium after the first puppy is born. Maximum: 82.5g. Creating a feeding plan for your dog before, during, and after her pregnancy if you are planning on breeding her need not be stressful or complicated. The BARF diet, as it is also known, was first coined in Australia by a veterinarian but as with everything, evolution has brought about new approaches to the raw diet including complete meals, which mean dog owners don't need to be put off about feeding the diet worrying if their dog is getting everything they need. However, it is recommended to increase the amount of edible bone to 15-20% during the third trimester of pregnancy. These physical changes require dietary adjustments to provide optimal nutrition. Three Reasons I Distrust Dog Food Corporations, Unit 1 Anchor House,13 Reservoir Road,Hull,HU6 7QD. It is recommended to feed a liver from a ruminant animal (e.g. There is one exception to this guideline. The raw diet changes include: We wish all of our amazing clients and follow, ️ Daily meal for Michelle's two Ibizan Hound, Meal prep with @nolorlin don't forget to tag, Morning and evening meals for Ronny's GSP, Qu, Mealtime with @meetlunathekit don't forget to, We are offering 45% off on our Deluxe Phone C, Learn more about the bone and calcium content in raw meaty bones, Learn more about preparing vegetables for optimal digestion, Eicosapentaenoic + Docosahexaenoic Acid (EPA/DHA), Raw Feeding Guidelines for Pregnant & Lactating Dogs. Ensuring your pregnant bitch has the required nutrients to maintain optimal health during pregnancy is best achieved with a high quality balanced raw diet. The amount of bone in her diet should be decreased, while the amount of fat should be increased. Recommended Allowance: 21.3g For more information on raw feeding during pregnancy please visit … These are all important things to think about when feeding pregnant bitches. A typical dog pregnancy lasts 63 days. On average, a BARF diet for an adult dog includes a 7-10% ratio for vegetables and there are many options to choose from. Save my name, e-mail, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Let them play with... 6 weeks: Introduce chicken wings and more adult food but not too much bone. ProDog Raw has significant experience in providing pregnant dogs with optimal feeding plans and offers a broad range of appropriate raw products including main meal items, supplements, and treats. Ensuring the diet provides sufficient levels of raw fat is necessary; however including ingredients with some starches will provide glucose to help with a faster source of calories. beef, lamb, goat, bison, etc.) At such a crucial time, one of the easiest ways to ensure optimum health for your pregnant bitch and her puppies is by offering it a nutritionally rich raw diet. Sometimes, the best foods for a pregnant dog are those you make yourself. Free-choice feeding during the first 3-4 weeks of lactation, unless she only has one or two puppies, provides many advantages. If you are planning to feed your pregnant dog a raw or homemade diet, consider consulting with a veterinary nutritionist to ensure that it is balanced and meets a pregnant dog’s specific needs. The Nutritional Research Council (NRC) provides the following macronutrient recommendations for pregnant dogs during the third trimester of gestation and during lactation. Diets that include raw egg whites and antibiotics have a higher requirement for biotin. Raw diets usually contain a combination of raw meat and other uncooked ingredients such as certain fruits and vegetables. The need for iron also increases during the third trimester of pregnancy. Fat is healthy for your dog. Carbohydrates are another source of energy and supply the body with glucose once digested and metabolized. Here’s what you need to know about feeding your pregnant dog. While duck liver (and goose liver) are high in copper, these liver options are also very concentrated in vitamin A. As a dog’s dietary tract has evolved relatively little since it was domesticated from wild wolves, it is best to attempt to mimic what their natural diet would have been. In addition to ensuring that her food is of the highest quality possible, another very useful generic principle for feeding pregnant dogs is ensuring that she is able to eat higher quantities of protein than normal. The macronutrients are listed per 1000kcal consumed: Proteins are large complex molecules composed of amino acids and are the main structural component of body tissue. Closing Comments Once the puppies are born, the mother dog will begin nursing to feed her litter. Feeding an all life stage puppy food such as Purina® Puppy Chow® brand puppy food is best The food should have 1600 kcal digestible energy per pound of food and at least 22 percent protein. While it is generally desirable to feed your dog a good source of bone for calcium levels, this should ideally be reduced to the point of elimination during a dog’s pregnancy. Sufficient feeding is only 1x daily feed containing 26% protein. The First Half of Pregnancy. At the fifth week of pregnancy, one should increase the food they make available to the dog by 20-30%. As the puppies begin to increase in size, the mother’s body must supply more blood and oxygen to the puppies. Below are iron values for some different spleen options per 1oz (28g): Including starches in the diet is recommended to provide a quick source of energy during the third trimester. The Second Half of Pregnancy. The Nutritional Research Council (NRC) provides the following micronutrient recommendations for pregnant dogs during the third trimester of gestation and during lactation. Although dogs do not have a nutritional requirement for carbohydrates, this does not mean the addition of carbs is not beneficial. Sugar: 1oz (28g) = 1.8g, Starch: 1oz (28g) = 3.2g Generally, bitches gestate for fifty-eight to sixty-eight days. Are there special instructions for feeding my pregnant or nursing dog? And with the huge increase in people switching their dogs to a raw food diet to change the 4. Pregnant and lactating dogs benefit from a the addition of starches to provide a quick source of energy when they are in the third trimester and nursing a litter of puppies. liver, tripe, hearts, lungs, and kidneys etc. Lactation begins when the puppies are born and lasts until 4 weeks of age which is when weaning begins. However, during the third trimester and lactation it is recommended to increase the liver ratio to 7%. But the popularity of the diets -- which emphasize raw meat, bones, fruits, and vegetables -- is rising. Duck and goose liver are both high in copper and can be utilized in the diet as well. of creamed cheese 1 cup of peanut butter 1 tablespoon of molasses Yes, it is the best thing for her. Plus, it’s easily digestible. What about puppies? Diet adjustments are necessary for pregnant and lactating dogs. At ProDog Raw, we very much believe that a species-appropriate natural raw dog food diet is the best way to ensure that these needs are properly fulfilled. Puppy food, which is easily digestible, is richer in the major nutrients and provides more energy than adult formula food. Unless the pregnant or nursing dog has a tendency to put on too much weight, give her all the food she wants. This homemade dog food for pregnant dogs is NOT a complete diet and should only be used as a daily snack not a full meal. Our IT guy who uploads all our content written by our awesome team. At ProDog Raw we promote introducing our bone-free meal option when necessary. Complex carbohydrates include starchy and fibrous foods, whereas simple carbohydrates are in foods such as fruit. There is no determination for biotin requirements for puppies and adult dogs. 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