growing african marigolds from seed
The marigold is one of the easiest and fastest flowers to grow from seeds. They give gardens a nice, bright, cheerful touch. How to Grow Marigolds from Seeds. How to grow marigolds, when to plant marigolds to get seedlings. African Marigolds are one of the easiest flowers to grow, and are easy to start from seeds. HOW TO GROW AFRICAN MARIGOLDS FROM SEED // VARIETIES // PEST // A BEAUTIFUL NEST TV GARDENING SERIES Hello Beautiful Nester's welcome back! Marigold plants are easygoing plants that bloom reliably, even in direct sunlight, punishing heat and poor to average soil.Though they are beautiful in the ground, growing Marigolds in containers is a surefire way to enjoy this delightful plant. Their large, easy-to-handle seeds are often used with kids, for school projects. Sowing marigolds. While it is very easy, starting marigolds from seed indoors offers no real advantage because they germinate so quickly outdoors. African marigolds thrive when they are planted in full sun and well-drained soil. Growing of marigolds from seeds to get seedlings. Available … Hoverflies obligingly lay their eggs close to colonies. Seeds & Crop information : Seed Count : approximately 250-400 seeds per gram. Marigolds (Tagetes) are annual or perennial flowers from the aster family, native to South America. You can also plant seeds directly in the garden after the chance of frost is over in the spring. Marigolds require mild climate of luxuriant growth … They’re a great plant for children to grow as well. In the wild, the French Marigold, … Decrease to 10 hours per day over the second month. Marigolds are frequently bought as small plants from a garden centre and planted out in the garden as soon as the soil has warmed up in the spring, but they can also be grown relatively easily from seed. April is the perfect month to sow African marigold seeds. Prepare the soil a few weeks before you plan to plant by removing the weeds and grass and till the soil approximately 6 inches deep, advises University of Florida IFAS Gardening Solutions. These annuals require full or partial sun and soil with good drainage. These classic annuals are easily grown from seed and are much taller than their cousins, the French marigolds. The flowers and roots of the African marigold contain phototoxic thiophene derivatives, which is mildly poisonous to humans, notes North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox. Growing marigolds Marigold plants germinate from seeds quickly, so you should see flowers within a few weeks. You can start seeds indoors, about 6 to 8 weeks before your last frost date, but it's not really worth it. Val Bourne admires African marigolds - and reveals why they make a very useful companion plant for fruits and vegetables. The marigolds kept away the aphids, I had very little blight on my tomato plants, the amount of pollinators was phenomenal, absolutely amazing. They were discovered in the early 16th century and brought to Europe and Northern Africa in the late 16th century where they were quickly adopted into gardens. African Marigolds require nutrient rich, well-drained soil to grow properly. Meanwhile, it is scientifically named as Tagetes erecta. If you want to prevent your marigolds from spreading out, pinch the plants to keep them more compact. tall. The tiny marigold plant is fairly easy to distinguish from weeds and other plants. However, the soil is deep fertile friable having good water holding capacity well drained and near to neutral in reaction viz.pH 7.0-7.5 is most desirable. Seeds germinate between 70 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit and take seven to 14 days to emerge. Growing From Seed . Drowning plants are also susceptible to infection by fungi. Triploid Hybrids Marigolds. Marigold Growing Information (French Marigolds) November 7, 2019. Start your plant at 12 hours of light per day. If you started seeds indoors, loosen and spread the roots when transferring to the garden after the final frost. These classic annuals are easily grown from seed and are much taller than their cousins, the French marigolds. Sow seeds in March/April in seed trays or plug trays filled with seed sowing compost at a temperature of 21-24°C (70-75°F). When the British came to this region centuries ago, they mistakenly called it African marigold. They have low germination, which can make them a bit challenging to grow, but with proper care can be the most rewarding, as they have a longer growing season than some other types. This variety takes longer to produce flowers than the French type. University of Florida IFAS Gardening Solutions. African marigolds (Tagetes erecta) make excellent companion plants for vegetables and fruit because their flowers are adored by hoverflies. Common name: African marigold Flowers: Baseball-sized double flowers Mature size: 12”-30” tall by 12”-18” wide, depending on variety Hardiness: Summer or fall annual Soil: Well-drained Exposure: Full sun Water usage: Medium Sources: Local nurseries or seed companies. Seeds will germinate anywhere from 4 to 14 days in warm soil that has an average temperature of 70°F – 75°F. Please get in touch, plants|summer garden|autumn garden|garden advice & tips|garden ideas|fruit & veg|garden wildlife, encouraging helpful insects into your garden. These aromatic plants brighten the garden with their cheerful shades of yellow, orange and maroon. Val Bourne Brocade Mix If you are looking for a jazzy bedding plant to perk up a garden area while providing protection, choose ‘Brocade.’ African marigolds grow 1.5 to 2 feet tall and spread 1 to 1.5 feet wide, with green stems and green, fern-like foliage. Site Characteristics. African marigolds are not prone to disease but may be attacked by pests such as Japanese beetles, red spider mites, slugs and snails. growing marigolds from seeds Marigolds are easy to grow from seed and the French variety will bloom all summer until the first frost. of more medium. The plant shows off large flowers that are 3 to 6 inches in diameter and come in various shades of orange and yellow. Growing marigolds can be very beneficial to your kitchen garden. Lightly cover the seed with more compost and keep moist. They can be grown alone or mixed with other flowers, and do well in containers indoors. Despite their common name of African marigolds, these plants are actually native to the Americas. African marigolds are not aggressive or invasive and are not generally damaged by deer. Separate your seedlings when they’re two inches (5 cm.) Despite their common name of African marigolds, these plants are actually native to the Americas. Harvesting and saving marigold seeds is quick and easy. Triploid Marigolds – A hybrid between French and African marigolds, triploid marigolds also have large, sturdy blooms. Mix that with the single maroon and yellow 'Striped Marvel' to create summer razzle-dazzle. Plants readily germinate from seed and can be sown in situ or in trays and then transplanted at a later date. One of three types of marigold commonly grown in the UK garden, French marigolds are shorter and more compact than the African variety, commonly growing to between 6 inches and 2 feet in height. There are different varieties of marigolds including the Africa marigold, Mexican marigold, and French marigold. French marigolds can easily be started from seed, while African marigolds are best purchased as young plants (when started from seed, they can take a long time to flower). Increase to 16 hours a day over the first month. The marigolds kept away the aphids, I had very little blight on my tomato plants, the amount of pollinators was phenomenal, absolutely amazing. The rows should be spaced about 30cm apart. This helps them stabilize to support their heavy flower tops. Alternatively you can buy ready-grown trays of African marigolds from garden centres. Marigolds – A Little History and Some Growing Instructions Marigolds, both French and African, are indigenous to Mexico and Guatemala. Propagate by seed - Scatter seeds outdoors where desired after frost danger has passed, or start indoors 4 to 6 weeks before the last frost. Generally, soil that holds puddles for more than five hours needs to be amended for better drainage. North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox: Tagetes erecta, University of Florida IFAS Gardening Solutions: Annual Flowers, University of Illinois Extension: Environmental Damage, Drowning and Edema, How to Grow & Care for Sweet William Flowers. If you’d rather forego an indoor seed starting project, there are some cases where you can get away with sowing marigolds directly into your garden: If you are growing a faster maturing variety, such as most French (T. patula) and signet marigold (T. tenuifolia) cultivars. However, I wanted to write a guide to growing marigolds now because you can start sowing marigolds under cover from seed. These flowers are readily available as plants at garden centers across the nation, but they are also easy to grow from seeds. Sowing Marigold Seeds, and Soil. Finding the fastest growing flower seeds for science project is necessary because you need flowers that not only germinate quickly but also flower early. Of all the marigold varieties, French marigolds and African marigolds … Marigold : American Marigolds. French and signet types can be planted anytime through midsummer but the tall American marigolds are best planted right away in the spring because they are slower to mature. Alternatively you can buy ready-grown trays of African marigolds from garden centres. Like to advertise with us? Thanks to their large pom-pom blooms in bright colors, African marigolds are sure to brighten up any garden space. Sow marigolds in spring, or set them out as bedding plants. When seedlings are large enough to handle, transplant them individually into cell trays or small pots and grow on in cooler conditions of around 10°C (50°F). Moreover, it … Find out more about encouraging helpful insects into your garden. Sunlight: full sun; Soil conditions: tolerates droughty soil; requires well-drained soil ; Special locations: outdoor … African marigolds and wildlife When planting or transplanting African marigold plants, be sure to plant them slightly deeper than they were originally growing. Marigold seeds can be planted in the garden after all danger of frost has passed, but for the best results and earliest flowers, the seeds can be sown indoors 6-8 weeks before the last expected frost. Therefore, it is a must for every home gardener to know the steps of how to plant marigold seeds. The marigold seeds do not need sunlight to germinate, but they do benefit from a clear plastic lid acting as a greenhouse lid. Seeds sown directly into the garden about 1-inch apart sprout within days in warm weather and plants bloom in about 8 weeks. The family name, Tagetes, is derived from a mythical Etruscan deity. Marigolds are very easy to start from seed. When you buy marigold seeds, you must not mistakenly choose pot marigolds. Since I generally am not that good at growing flowers (unlike veges) from seed I used the cheap seeds from the dollar store and, it was amazing. Time Of … Marigold seeds grow into beautiful flowers in a variety of colors such as yellows, oranges, and deep reds. Marigolds are annuals, but they will easily reseed themselves in the same place each year if you let some of the flowers go to seed and drop naturally. Unlike French Marigolds, plants take a long time to flower from seed, so it … Marigolds are happy in pots, baskets, window boxes or containers provided they are placed in full sun. You can start seeds indoors, about 6 to 8 weeks before your last frost date, but it's not really worth it. The African marigold (Tagetes erecta) is an annual flower that is easy to care for and features large orange or yellow blossoms that brighten any garden. Although adult hoverflies only drink nectar and feed on pollen their larvae are aphid-eating predators. They provide cheerful and abundant color all season long and are simple to grow from seed. If you choose to start from seed indoors, you can begin the process about 2 months before the last expected frost. Consider adding compost or other organic materials to the soil for nutrients. The material is for general information only and does not constitute investment, tax, legal, medical or other form of advice. Members of the Tagetes genus are commonly grown garden plants. Sow African marigold seeds in trays indoors. Plant African marigolds to encourage beneficial hoverflies into your garden. Lightly cover the seed with more compost and keep moist. While they will tolerate clay or dry soil, they prefer soil that is moist and well-drained. This type of marigolds are unable to produce seed, so they also know as mule marigolds. African marigolds actually come from sunny Mexico despite their name and (as you would expect) these half hardy annuals enjoy warm, bright conditions. African marigolds are beloved for their bright large, fully double flower heads, and French marigolds are bushy and compact with small flowers and a neat overall appearance. Scatter the seeds on top of the mix, then cover them with a very fine layer (less than ¼ inch (0.5 cm.)) Caring for Marigolds. Growing signet marigolds give off a citrus smell and they make great container plants as well. Since I generally am not that good at growing flowers (unlike veges) from seed I used the cheap seeds from the dollar store and, it was amazing. Grow marigold seeds to bring the colour of sunshine to your garden in all weathers. Marigold seed germination usually takes 5 to 7 days. Growing marigolds: Marigolds need a good amount of sunshine and are best planted in full sun in a moderately fertile, well drained soil, though they will cope with most soil conditions. Marigolds are hardy to hot and cold temperatures. Maureen Malone has been a professional writer since 2010 She is located in Tucson, Arizona where she enjoys hiking, horseback riding and martial arts. If you want to start seeds earlier, plant seeds in pots indoors as soon as four to six weeks before the last frost of the season, advises Cornell University. African Marigold Thanks to their large pom-pom blooms in bright colors, African marigolds are sure to brighten up any garden space. African marigold plants can also be purchased at most garden centers in the spring. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Optional: If soil is nutrient-starved, add some slow-release (granular) fertilizer in the planting hole. Seeds usually germinate in 4-14 days. Varieties include 'Antigua Orange,' 'Inca Primrose,' 'Double Eagle,' 'Indian Yellow,' 'Mesa Gold,' 'Safari Tangerine,' 'Sweet Cream' and 'Double Eagle.'. I allow some to self-seed** and come up on their own next year. Site and Plant Characteristics. A 5-10-5 works fine. They thrive in full sunshine, so all you need to do is give them a sunny spot and let them do their thing! My favourite short varieties are' Naughty Marietta' and 'Honeycomb' (from Mr Fothergill's), 'Solan' (from Thompson & Morgan) and 'Queen Sophia' (from Suttons) and these are perfect among loose-leaf lettuces. This will result in a uniform display. Tall stalks make African marigolds a popular choice for cut flowers to bring into your home. If you have leftover seeds, you can save them for the following growing season. French marigolds should be eight inches apart, gems 12 inches apart, and Africans 18 inches. Growing marigolds: Marigolds need a good amount of sunshine and are best planted in full sun in a moderately fertile, well drained soil, though they will cope with most soil conditions. Sow "Giant Yellow" marigold seeds 1/4 inch deep and 1/2 inch apart, firming the seed-starting mix over the brush-like seeds. Sow marigolds any time from February until April, but this will need to be under protection as late frosts will easily destroy emerging seedlings. Barely cover the seeds with moist, sifted compost, then maintain a temperature within the growing medium of 70°-75° until germination, which takes as little as 5-7 days. However, it is naturalized in North Africa. Some of the common flower seeds that grow rapidly include zinnias, marigolds, cosmos, dianthus, and nasturtiums. Fertilize the soil before or during planting with a complete controlled-release fertilizer. Water regularly to keep the soil moist but not wet. Once they germinate, prick them out and plant them outside from mid-May onwards - after the fear of frost has passed. Marigolds are a mainstay in many gardens. When you plant, follow spacing guidelines for the type of marigold you have. They add bright color to your garden or xeriscape and attract butterflies to your garden. Sow from March to May and they will flower from summer to autumn. These flowers are easy to grow from seeds or seedlings. Marigold is a garden workhorse. Sow seeds directly outside after all danger of frost has passed and the soil has begun to warm up. And after you have successfully grown marigolds this year, save some of the seed. It is hardy in USDA plant hardiness zones 2 through 11, advises North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox. French marigolds start from seed much faster than African marigolds. This year, I’m excited to be growing some different varieties: African Ivory, French Vanilla F1 and Strawberry Blonde (all from Egmont Seeds). Care for Marigolds. If you notice that water is puddling or that soil still has a squishy texture six hours after rain or watering, then the soil is not draining, and your flowers are at risk of drowning, notes University of Illinois Extension. Marigold Seeds. Sow seeds 1 inch apart and water thoroughly after planting. Sow seeds directly into the garden once the soil is warm in the spring. Factor in the aesthetic value the pretty flowers offered it was well worth going radical and broadcasting the … (Seeds saved from hybrid varieties will not breed true.) Marigolds grow best in moist, well-drained and fertile soil. ** I went to the dictionaries to see if it was 'self-seed' or 'self-sow'. Marigolds are annuals so if you require more plants then they should be propagated form seed. Growing Tips. Triploid hybrids (Mule Marigolds): These marigolds are the hybrids of African and French marigolds. The fastest growing is the French marigold while the African produces the largest plant. Marigolds germinate quickly, sprouting within a few days and blooming in about 8 weeks, making them easy to grow from seed. Marigolds are very easily grown from seeds. How to Grow Tagetes Plants Guide to Growing African Marigold, French Marigold, and Mexican Marigold. Plant on an overcast day to protect the marigold seedlings from the stress of hot sun while they cope … These flowers also do well when they are planted in containers. The single, double or semi-double flowers bloom in shades of red, orange and yellow during late spring and summer. Marigolds like to grow in well-drained soil in full sun. You should not rely on this information to make (or refrain from making) any decisions. Fastest Growing Flower Seeds for Science Project. Tagetes Asteraceae Marigold 'Tangerine Gem'Marigold 'Lemon Gem' Temperature Germination: 22°C Growth: 24°C Light Marigolds do best with plenty of light. A packet of Calendula seeds (varieties that can be sown from March include ‘Fiesta Gitana’, ‘Daisy Mixed’, ‘Greenheart Orange’ and ‘Lemon Zest’) Tagetes erecta (African or American Marigolds): These marigolds are tall, erect-growing plants, grow to three to five feet in height producing large globe-shaped yellow or orange flowers, up to 5 inches diameter. 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