differences between eastern and western philosophy of education

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There is still a widespread inclination to think that there is an unbridgeable chasm between Eastern and Western philosophy. Eastern world refers to countries in the Asia and Middle East whereas Western world refers to North and South America, Europe, Australia and New Zeeland. These differences can be noted mainly in people’s behavior and attitudes. And this has consequences for society, the … Parents in South Korea seek out "cram schools" for their children, with the average South Korean family spending over ten percent of its income on such after-hour schools. Eastern and western world are extremely complex and differentiated both politically and historically. Western education encourages people to pursue their true interests, producing a broad range of skills and areas of expertise. 2. Asian societies have generally been more focused on the needs of the group or the "collective" than Western ones, which means that conformity is important in Asian life. The eastern and western philosophies are identical to a large extent and the critics only point out the small differences in the specific philosophy and wording. Learning English doesn’t happen overnight. For example, Indian and Chinese philosophies are at least as distinct from each other as they are from Western Philosophy. To use logic/reason is to draw conclusions that make sense based on a given body of information. There is a lot to learn from both cultures. Western philosophy is generally divided into three periods, Greek, Christian and modern. While observing a math class in Japan, he was struck by how struggling students were perceived as successful learners. Major Difference Between Western & Eastern Thought on Education Conformity vs. Eastern education, on the other hand, discourages the pursuit of learning that has no strictly practical purpose, The key question for me as an English coach working with clients from all over the world is whether my students come from a culture where struggle is seen in a positive or negative light. For hundreds of years, Eastern culture has been influenced by Western culture and vice versa. Tbh the idea of "Western" philosophy is a bit simplistic, considering that there are large cultural gaps between many different types of philosophy, and different eras of philosophy. Confidence breeds hope. In contrast, someone from a Western individualistic society such as the U.S., Canada or Australia, will generally be more likely to risk criticism or rejection when the goal is important enough. Eastern culture has a circular view of the universe that is based upon the perception of eternal recurrence whereas Western culture has a linear view of the universe that is based on the Christian philosophy that everything has a beginning and an end. Philosophy is not one branch of knowledge, it is actually four: 1 – Geometry and mathematics. Major Differencies Between Eastern and Western Philosophies as the Basis for Adult Education. One of the biggest points of contrast between the two approaches is how students see their role in their own learning. "I think that from very early ages we [in America] see struggle as an indicator that you're just not very smart," observed Stigler. Western society is highly competitive. In another article there is a very well balanced examination of the differences between the East and West classroom which will give a little more insight into the subject. According to the British philosopher Victoria S. Harrison, the category of "Eastern philosophy", and similarly "Asian philosophy" and "Oriental philosophy" is a product of 19th-century Western scholarship and did not exist in East Asia or India. Struggling students were seen as failures. Interest in comparative philosophy is rapidly growing. Struggling students were seen as failures. She holds a Master of Arts in humanities from California State University, Dominguez Hills and a Master of Science in instructional design from Capella University. But although this is a valuable objective, and one which is, in fact, pursued in most classical programs, those educators who champion nontraditional educational approaches … It should be clear from the preceding discussion that there are some definite differences between the two education systems. Eastern and Western philosophy published 12-1-2014 Here I start a series on differences and similarities between Eastern and Western philosophy, and my position in that. True success means not giving up and working hard. The Individual. Both western and eastern philosophy has lots of simliarities too. Aspect 1: Where Thinking Happens — Internally or Externally In 2012 National Public Radio's Alix Spiegel wrote an excellent article about how differently Western and East Asian cultures approach the learning process. Western philosophy is often drawn to the different individual parts of a whole idea (Politics, Race Relations, Religion, etc), but in the east, emphasis is placed on the whole itself. Maybe, because of the differences, religion, cultural equations in some parts of the country, so the term appears. 1. Hope breeds peace." In order to make sure that the coursework is on the track, the students is needed to collect the data from both western and eastern philosophy of education that been learned during the lecture in class. What Are the Effects of High School Students Not Finishing High School? Both have their advantages and disadvantages. Education in the West, by contrast, has always been rooted in the Classical Greek view advanced by Socrates in Plato's "Republic" -- the student-centered view that it is important to examine our own lives and develop our critical thinking skills. - evaluate possible future developments in our globalized world. After 20 years of teaching in Australian schools, I taught in China for two years, and then also taught Chinese students in British Universities. Western philosophy is focused on the current actual state of object A. However, since east and west refers to various countries and cultures scattered across the globe, only … The differences between Eastern and Western thought can be clearly seen in modern society, despite globalization and unifying influences. (Thus, terms like "logical analysis" and "rational inquiry" are also synonymous.) Moral education enjoys a special status in Japanese … What are other noticeable differences between Eastern and Western learning styles? This means that students in Asian classrooms will speak less because they tend to fear voicing views that the teacher or fellow students will find unacceptable. Western education encourages people to pursue their true interests, producing a broad range of skills and areas of expertise. They try to explain things. It seems that the thrust of western philosophy is around success. The view that A=A should also include P as potential. "It's a sign of low ability - people who are smart don't struggle, they just naturally get it, that's our folk theory.". It is clear enough from the searching for information that had been done, there are much differences between the two education systems; eastern and western education. Although there is no precise definition or translation for the term "kiasu," it references competition or being afraid to lose out to others. This, in turn, had an impact on how students behaved. And this has consequences for society, the workplace, family, even relationships. Philosophy and education can be viewed as two disciplines between which certain differences can be identified. Eastern Students. There is no doubt that the similarities between them are obvious, yet the focus of Eastern philosophy is in society whereas Western’s is in universe. The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of For example, in the … Comparison Between Eastern and Western Philosophy Broadly, speaking, Western society strives to find and prove "the truth", while Eastern society accepts the truth as given and is more interested in finding the balance. The distinction between Western and Eastern is of course somewhat arbitrary and artificial, and in some respects even misleading. In the East, struggle is seen as part of the learning process. It helps humans deal with human morality and concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice and crime. By Brian Yan 10C Conclusion Personally I like Eastern Philosophy more because of its different approach on viewing certain ideas and how you need both sides of an idea in the answer. Moral Education. Aside from this story, researchers have also found stark differences between the Eastern and Western learning styles. The idea of a distinct “Eastern” philosophy as opposed to a distinct “Western” philosophy is, disputably, a vast over simplification and inaccurate rendering of an extremely complex relationship between the two. ENGLISH COACHING AND INTERCULTURAL TRAINING MADE PERSONAL, Written and Conversational English Lessons. Generally, Western philosophy of education comprises two schools, which are traditional and modern. Her research interests include counterculture literature of the 1960 and instructional design for online courses and she enjoys writing about literature, art and instructional design. In this program, certified transcultural nurse Philip Yu Xu, Ph.D., RN, addresses major differences between Eastern and Western nursing so that RNs from China, Korea, India, the Philippines, and elsewhere can better acclimate themselves to the practice of medicine in American acute care settings. In the West, it is a sign of weakness or lower ability. There is still a widespread inclination to think that there is an unbridgeable chasm between Eastern and Western philosophy. Differences Between the Two Another interrelated difference between Eastern and Western education is how learning itself is seen as a mean to an end. Achieving goals and making "progress" in the west is more important than traditional values, as in eastern philosophies. It's also important to avoid criticism, ridicule and rejection and to win approval and acceptance. Differences Between Eastern And Western Cultures - by Graphic artist Yang Liu has a sharp eye for cultural comparison, honed by personal experience. 1 Comparative Foundations of Eastern and Western Thought Daniel Memmi UQAM Montreal, QC, Canada memmi.daniel@uqam.ca Abstract: Modern science and technology originated in Western Europe within a specific culture, but they have now been adopted and developed by several Eastern countries as well. Education refers to the process of acculturating individuals into the society. There are stark differences between the two educational approaches. Thesis Research: Moral Education in Japan; Implications for American Schools, Struggle for Smarts? ...EASTERN AND WESTERN PHILOSOPHY The subject of philosophy has always been divided along two lines of thinking – the eastern and the western. Instead of giving up when presented with an impossible math problem, the students persisted and accepted that learning is a process. This highlights that the focus of education and philosophy is not identical. Lastly, we will reach a tentative conclusion about the links between culture and technical development, and likely consequences for both Eastern and Western societies. Similarities and differences in society. Creativity The West often promotes the idea of individuality, personality and standing on ones own, which cultivates a … Eastern culture uses the spiritual and missionary approach of searching inside oneself for answers through meditation whereas western culture takes on a pragmatic and emotional approach in searching outside oneself through research and analysis. The secularism and neutrality of Western thought is a reaction to such … Nisbett points out that Western philosophers emphasised freedom and independence, whereas Eastern traditions like Taoism tended to focus on … I remember when I was in school the teachers would put an emphasis on how you are either gifted or not. In the West, with perhaps the exception of parochial and religious schools, the curriculum is almost invariably subject-specific. Not all Chinese (or Westerners) think this way, but these are observed tendencies.. It has its roots in Athens, Rome and Judeo-Christianity, whereas Eastern philosophy is derived from Islam, … Learning is perceived as a life-long process in the Eastern tradition, rather than something you are finished with at some point in your life. The term is currently popular in Singapore, and parents there frequently are labeled kiasu parents when they push hard to make certain that their children are at the top of every class. The answer to these questions is extremely important when it comes to how my clients experience language learning. In other words, is the "struggle for smarts" only valued when it comes easy to a student; or is it perceived as a strength when a student persists despite lots of learning obstacles? In between the first two is a period called Hellenistic, during which the Jew thought, was blended with the Greek. In Western society, the individual rules. Philosophy refers to the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and the existence.Education refers to the process of acculturating individuals into the society.This highlights that the focus of education and philosophy is not identical. Rugged Individualism. 5 Cultural Differences between East and West 1. - analyze the conceptual foundations of Western and Eastern cultures. Both have their advantages and disadvantages. These differences can be noted mainly in people’s behavior and attitudes. Eastern philosophy focuses on speculation and mysticism while Western philosophy focuses on material concerns. Six fundamental differences in western and eastern conceptualizations of the good life are identified and discussed in the context of broader psychological theory. Though each line is concerned with finding the right path to follow, the methodology and teachings of the philosophers from either line of thinking has been distinct and different. Westerners put more stock in individual rights; Easterners in social responsibly. The Buddhist notion of self circumvents reification, being an impermanent gestalt formed by the interaction of five skandha s or aggregates (form, feelings, perceptions, impulses, consciousness). However, since east and west refers to various countries and cultures scattered across the globe, only a broad generalization can be m… Another crucial area of comparison for eastern and western philosophy is innate morality. How Eastern and Western Cultures Tackle Learning, In Hypercompetitive South Korea, Pressures Mount on Young Pupils, Western and Eastern Philosophy in Teaching, Major Differences Between Eastern and Western Philosophies As the Basis for Adult Education - The Singapore Experience, The Pros & Cons of Single Sex Classes in School.

  • Western philosophy of education comprises two schools, which are traditional and modern.It has its roots in Athens, Rome and Judeo­-Christianity
    • Eastern philosophy is derived from Islam, Confucianism, Taoism and Mahayana Buddhism. - discuss their importance for technological development. I remember when I was in school the teachers would put an emphasis on how you are either gifted or not. Moral education enjoys a special status in Japanese schools, for example, and permeates the daily activities of Japanese elementary and junior high school students. For exaxmple i have learnt that Major Differencies Between Eastern and Western Philosophies as the Basis for Adult Education. Overall, Eastern philosophy values education and views the learning process as a fundamental purpose of life. This was a perspective that persisted until the early 20th century, when the Western progressive influence appeared, as led by American reformer John Dewey. They try to start with basic building blocks and build up to an answer or an explanation of a more complex thought. The differences listed below are heavily stereotyped, generalized, and polarized. 2. The Buddhist notion of self circumvents reification, being an impermanent gestalt formed by the interaction of five skandha s or aggregates (form, feelings, perceptions, impulses, consciousness). In the West, it is a sign of weakness or lower ability. Western religions are found in the Americas and throughout Europe. This essay will cover two of the most common groups of massage modalities, Western and Eastern, and explain the overall benefits of massage, the similarities and differences of Western and Eastern massage techniques, and Western and Eastern philosophy of healing behind each one. Western philosophy is primarily rationalistic and intellectualistic with reason assuming more importance than matter making it scientific and outward looking. And a Western bias still is that the East can learn from the West, rather than vice versa, and indeed is doing so, as is exhibited in the spread of technology, capitalism and democracy. East and West may have numerous differences based on culture. Confucius said, "Education breeds confidence. Initially, the primary objective in the comparative study was to open a philosophical dialogue between East and West. Eastern world refers to countries in the Asia and Middle East whereas Western world refers to North and South America, Europe, Australia and New Zeeland. These concepts are a running thread through many eastern and western cultural differences. It is often suggested that contrasting Eastern vs. Western characteristics bring about significant overall differences between the culture and society of the East and of the West. 1037 Words5 Pages. How do learning styles impact English lessons? For centuries, the Chinese viewed the child as a miniature adult who should behave according to the expectations of the adult world. Ethics is a branch of philosophy, also known as moral philosophy. Susie Zappia teaches humanities and research and writing courses online for several colleges. So education shapes and moulds the overall behavior of human being and nurture the potentialities. What are the differences between Western Culture and Eastern Culture? Western culture is recognized by any part of the world as a culture in Western Europe rather than America, not Australia, and not Eastern or Southern Europe. And philosophy between Eastern and Western world are extremely complex and differentiated both politically and historically Radio 's Alix wrote. Of Western philosophy is primarily rationalistic and intellectualistic with reason assuming more importance than matter it... Answer or an indication of a more complex thought term appears 2012 National Public 's! 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