10 accomplishments of sher shah suri for public welfare

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His successors, however, proved to be weak rulers and the Mughals were able to re-establish their rule in India after a few years. He then appointed Shuja'at Khan as the governor of Malwa who reorganised the administration and made Sarangpur the seat of Malwa's government. Upon reminding them of his pledge to safeguard Puran Mal, they told him to consult his ulema. "Táríkh-i Sher Sháhí; or, Tuhfat-i Akbar Sháhí, of 'Abbás Khán Sarwání. Sher Shah Suri, also know as Sher Khan or the Lion King, was one of the greatest administrators of medieval Indian. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 1545) (birth name Farid Khan, but also known as Sher Khan), was the founder of the short-lived Pashtun Suri, or Sur, kingdom in the Indian subcontinent, with its capital at Delhi.. Farid Khan was a talented, bold and dynamic soldier who rebelled against the Mughal Empire and overthrew the government of the Emperor Humayun in 1540, and ruled instead until his death in 1545. After his accidental death in 1545, his son Islam Shah became his successor. In six years he gave such stability to the structure (of the empire) that its foundations still survive. Farid Khan grew up to be a brave young man and was given a village in Fargana, Delhi (comprising present day districts of Bhojpur, Buxar, Bhabhua of Bihar) by Omar Khan Sarwani, the counselor and courtier of Bahlul Khan Lodi. Sher Shah Suri (AD 1540–1545) Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Sur dynasty. Sher Shah was always very active. Puran Mal's daughter was given to minstrels to be a dancing girl while his three nephews were castrated. CHAPTER I. Counted amongst the greatest Muslim rulers of India, he died during the siege of Kalinjar fort in 1545. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sher_Shah_Suri. It now became easier for the merchants and travellors to travel from one part of the country to the other. Shakeel Anwar Dec 14, 2017 12:56 IST Sher Shah Suri (Pashto: شېر شاه سوري ‎) (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān (Pashto: فرید خان ‎), was the founder of the Suri Empire in India, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar.He introduced the currency of rupee. His reorganization of the empire laid the foundations for the later Mughal emperors, notably Akbar, son of Humayun. Sher Shah Suri was born in the place Sasaram in the state of Bihar in India. [35] Tarikh-i-Da'udi states, however, that he destroyed Siri. [32][33] Shergarh is one of the prime examples, representing a deserted town with a fort in ruins, which, in old times, used to be a thriving place where Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism co-existed peacefully. Shaikh Nizam[who? Sher Shah Suri or Sher khan, was the founder of Sur dynasty in India. Sher Shah then attacked and laid siege of the fort of Kalinjar in 1544 A.D. Nearly seven months passed but the fort could not be captured. Instead of marching to the enemy's capital Sher Shah halted in the village of Sammel in the pargana of Jaitaran, ninety kilometres east of Jodhpur. Sher Shahs oft quoted remark " I had given away the country of Delhi for a handful of millets" is a tribute to the gallantry of Jaita and Kumpa and the willingness of the Rajputs to face death even in the face of impossible odds. Farid Khan entered the service of Bahar Khan, the ruler of Bihar, in 1522. He returned to Bihar after the death of Bahar Khan and became the governor. In this position he effectively reorganized the administration and established a well-disciplined army. His grandfather Ibrahim Khan Suri was a land lord (Jagirdar) in Narnaul area and his father Mian Hassan Khan Suri, was a horse breeder and a prominent figure in the government of Bahlul Khan Lodi. His was an enlightened despotism. The main topic of his books is history. His early life has been spent very hard. [3] When all tactics to subdue this fort failed, Sher Shah ordered the walls of the fort to be blown up with gunpowder, but he himself was seriously wounded as a result of the explosion of a mine. 12. This can be evidently derived from the various inscriptions found in the area. [30], Sher Shah was killed on 22 May 1545 during the siege of Kalinjar fort in Bundelkhand against the Rajputs of Mahoba. Welfare of farmers: Sher Shah was very particular about the welfare of the peasants. Sher Shah Suri was born as Farid Khan in 1486 in Sasaram, Rohtas district, Bihar in India. Suri further developed Humayun's Dina-panah city and named it Shergarh[11] and revived the historical city of Pataliputra, which had been in decline since the 7th century CE, as Patna.[12]. He also became the tutor and mentor of Bahar Khan's minor son. Farid Khan and his father, a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar, who had several wives, did not get along for a while so he decided to run away from home. He also established an efficient postal system, with mail being carried by relays of horse riders. In the ensuing battle of Sammel (also known as battle of Giri Sumel), Sher Shah emerged victorious, but several of his generals lost their lives and his army suffered heavy losses. Sher Shah Sur married Lad Malika, widow of Taj Khan, governor of Chunar. It was Sher Shah Suri (also known as Sher Shah Sur) who founded Sur dynasty in Hindustan. Gold coins called the Mohur weighing 169 grains and copper coins called Paisa were also minted by his government. Sher Shah was responsible for greatly rebuilding and modernizing the Grand Trunk Road, a major artery which runs all the way from modern day Bangladesh to Afghanistan. ], for example, counseled, "There is nothing equal to a religious war against the infidels. He appointed his trustworthy persons as in charge. [citation needed], Sher Shah is generally viewed as tolerant of Hindus, except in the massacre following the surrender of Raisen. He was born in 1486AD. [25], In 1543, Sher Shah Suri with a huge force of 80,000 cavalry set out against Maldeo Rathore (a Rajput king of Marwar). Born in 1486,he was the son of a jagirdar of Sasaram, Bihar. He was succeeded by his son, Jalal Khan, who took the title of Islam Shah Suri. [3][4][5][6][7][8], He first served as a private before rising to become a commander in the Mughal army under Babur and then the governor of Bihar. ABOUT SHER SHAH SURI Born in 1484 in Sasaram, Bihar Real name – Farid khan Father – Hasan khan suri Spouse – Rani khan Founder of suri empire in north India Reign – 1540-1545 Died in 1545 in Kalinjar fort, Bundelkhand Burial – Sher Shah Suri Tomb, Sasaram, Bihar 3. Maldeo left for Jodhpur with his own men, abandoning his commanders to their fate. Sher Shah Suri was not only a courageous warrior, but also an able administrator. Communication System During the times of Sher Shah Suri :-Sher Shah Suri was a great reformer and administrator. On 22 May 1545 A.D., an attempt was made to breach the wall of the fort by artillery. Sher Shah was once again successful in defeating Humayun who was forced to flee India. Administration of Sher Shah Suri Sher Shaj Suri established a sound and strong administrative system. He undertook notable architectural works during his reign and built structures like Rohtas Fort, Sher Shah Suri Masjid, and Qila-i-Kuhna mosque. I trust in your kindness to appease him, and send him back; but if refusing to listen to you, he will not return, I trust you will keep him with you, for I wish him to be instructed in religious and polite learning.[17]. These letters indicated, falsely, that some of Maldeo's army commanders were promising assistance to Sher Shah. — One of the most famous battles fought by Sher Shah Suri was the Battle of Chausa in which his forces defeated the Mughal emperor Humayun's army in 1539. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/sher-shah-suri-6758.php, The Hottest Male Celebrities With The Best Abs, Top NBA Players With No Championship Rings. During his early age, Farid was given a village in Fargana, Delhi (comprising present-day districts of Bhojpur, Buxar, Bhabhua of Bihar)[citation needed] by Omar Khan Sarwani, an ethnic Pashtun himself, the counselor and courtier of Bahlul Khan Lodi. Troops helped him defeat the Rajput army and where Farid, later Sher Shah then ordered Puran Mal beheaded wife! The Afghan Suri dynasty who ruled from 1540 until the time of his vast Empire for and! Farid al-Din Sher Shah 's army commanders were promising assistance to Sher Shah Suri many. 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