1 samuel chapter 4 commentary

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"To-morrow I shall attack the enemy; I shall defeat them, and terminate the business.". The evil government of Samuel's sons. 2. i. Godless Philistines can teach us something. We know the plague involved tumors (1 Samuel 5:6, 9, 12). Their shouting proved both their vanity and irreligion. They were organized into five city-states. The Persians, Indians, Greeks, Romans, Germans, Philistines, etc., did so. The very “thing” they thought would win the battle was captured. Their shouting proved both their vanity and irreligion.” (Clarke), : “Now, beloved, when you are worshipping God, shout if you are filled with holy gladness. Also your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead; and the ark of God has been captured.” Then it happened, when he made mention of the ark of God, that Eli fell off the seat backward by the side of the gate; and his neck was broken and he died, for the man was old and heavy. They had the courage of desperate men. If they believed the God of Israel was greater than their gods, they should have submitted to Him. The Israelites overcome by the Philistines. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. When the Trojan fleet was burnt, Aeneas is represented as tearing his robe from his shoulder, and invoking the aid of his gods: -. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. Woe to us! But the Philistines take the ark as a prey; Eli dies at this message and God punishes the Philistines for taking the ark (1 Samuel 5). : This was worse than just losing a battle. And she said, “The glory has departed from Israel, for the ark of God has been captured.”. And about the time of her death the women who stood by her said to her, “Do not fear, for you have borne a son.” But she did not answer, nor did she regard it. He did so: the imperialists were totally defeated, Mantua surrendered, and the campaign for that year (1796) was concluded. (12-18) Eli hears of the loss of the Ark of the Covenant of God and dies. Now his daughter-in-law, Phinehas’ wife, was with child, to be delivered; and when she heard the news that the ark of God was captured, and that her father-in-law and her husband were dead, she bowed herself and gave birth, for her labor pains came upon her. No doubt, it seemed like a brilliant suggestion. Second, the Israelites felt the battle would be easy with the ark of the Covenant there and did not try as hard. With the ark more than seven times as many men of Israel were killed. So the Philistines fought, and Israel was defeated, and every man fled to his tent. 1 and, for all Israel, the word of Samuel was as the word of Yahweh; since Eli was very old and his sons persisted in their wicked behaviour towards Yahweh. Then the Philistines put themselves in battle array against Israel. Dwelleth between the cherubims - Of what shape the cherubim were, we know not; but there was one of these representative figures placed at each end of the ark of the covenant; and between them, on the lid or cover of that ark, which was called the propitiatory or mercy-seat, the shechinah, or symbol of the Divine presence, was said to dwell. Upon hearing what had occurred his daughter-in-law fell in labour, bore a son, but died immediately, 1 Samuel 4:19-22. Who will deliver us from the hand of these mighty gods? Secondly, God allowed it as a correction to the nation, so they would not trust in the ark of God, instead of trusting in the God of the ark. The taking of the ark was a great judgment upon Israel, and a certain token of God's displeasure... View the entire commentary. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. But shall we say that this man, however remiss in the education of his children, and criminal in his indulgence towards his profligate sons, which arose more from the easiness of his disposition than from a desire to encourage vice, is gone to perdition? i. It wasn’t the news of Israel’s loss in battle, or the slaughter of the army, or even the news of the death of his own sons that killed him. It may save us: The elders rightly sensed they needed God’s help to win the battle. “Never did time seem more hopeless than when Samuel arose. And indeed where was it, when the armies of Israel were defeated by the Philistines, the priests slain, the supreme magistrate dead, and the ark of the Lord taken? They simply received what they deserved. Now the proof of judgment came. 1 and 2 Samuel form one book in the ancient Hebrew manuscripts. The scorching ashes o'er his graceful head: His purple garments, and his golden hairs. And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. They looked to the ark to save them, not to the LORD. God showed He was greater than the ark. The messenger brought bad news, and he let his appearance reflect how bad the news was. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. Pitched beside Eben-ezer - This name was not given to this place till more than twenty years after this battle, see 1 Samuel 7:12; for the monument called העזר האבן haeben haezer, the "Stone of Help," was erected by Samuel in the place which was afterwards from this circumstance, called Eben-ezer, when the Lord had given the Israelites a signal victory over the Philistines. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. iii. First, the Philistines fought with the courage of desperate men. ii. A battle between Israel and the Philistines, in which the former are defeated, with the loss of four thousand men, 1 Samuel 4:1, 1 Samuel 4:2.They resolve to give the Philistines battle once more, and bring the ark of the Lord, with Hophni and Phinehas the priests, into the camp, 1 Samuel 4:3, 1 Samuel 4:4.They do so, and become vainly confident, 1 Samuel 4:5. Finally, God did not bless Israel’s superstitious belief in the power of the ark instead of the power of God. (19-21) Commentary on 1 Samuel 6:1-9 (Read 1 Samuel 6:1 … (19-22) Verses 1-9 Israel is smitten before the Philistines. It is pretty evident they did not know well what signification to give the name; and we are left to collect its meaning from what she says afterwards, The glory is departed from Israel; the words literally mean, Where is the glory? At that moment, did God wring His hands in heaven, worried about how things would turn out? Then she named the child Ichabod: For a Jewish woman, the birth of a son was wonderful news – but not for the wife of Phinehas on this day. i. How vapid, diffused, and alliterated, is the report of the messenger in the Persae of Aeschylus, who comes to the queen with the tremendous account of the destruction of the whole naval power of the Persians, at the battle of Salamis? And she said, “The glory has departed from Israel, for the ark of God has been captured.”, : Poor wife of Phinehas! How could God allow something so terrible to happen? The Israelites camped at Ebenezer, and the Philistines at Aphek. Second, the Israelites felt the battle would be easy with the ark of the Covenant there and did not try as hard. They had the courage of desperate men. Commentaries for 1 Samuel Chapter 4 The Israelites overcome by the Philistines. : They regarded the ark as the ultimate “good luck charm” and believed they could not lose with it there. The elders figured that Israel needed to bring out their secret weapon. Then the Philistines put themselves in battle array against Israel. According to an unfounded Jewish tradition, this unnamed messenger from the tribe of, Eli, sitting on a seat by the wayside watching, for his heart trembled for the ark of God. (6-9) The Philistines’ fear of the Ark of the Covenant. ii. i. Be strong, etc. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. Be strong and conduct yourselves like men, you Philistines, that you do not become servants of the Hebrews, as they have been to you. Small numbers of Philistines were in the land at the time of Abraham, but they came in larger numbers soon after Israel came to Canaan from Egypt. (3-4) The elders of Israel respond with a superstitious trust in the ark. But the glory left when Israel stopped repenting and trusting God and started superstitiously trusting in the ark itself. With the ark more than seven times as … And I fled today from the battle line.” And he said, “What happened, my son?” So the messenger answered and said, “Israel has fled before the Philistines, and there has been a great slaughter among the people. The messenger had a long way to go, the route was mostly uphill, and he carried very bad news. v1 The *Philistines had the *ark of the Lord in their … The anguish was too great, and, : For a Jewish woman, the birth of a son was wonderful news – but not for the wife of Phinehas on this day. (10-22) Commentary on 1 Samuel 8:1-3 (Read 1 Samuel 8:1-3) It does not appear that Samuel's sons were so profane and vicious as Eli's sons; but … Commentary on 1 Samuel 4:10,11 (Read 1 Samuel 4:10,11) The taking of the ark was a great judgment upon Israel, and a certain token of God's displeasure. We can make good things idols. First, He allowed it as a righteous judgment upon Israel as a nation and the family of Eli. (10-18) The people smitten for looking into the ark. Some think the tumors were the result of bubonic plague, carried by rats. God forbid that we should judge any man’s worship! a. of Israel (1 Samuel 4:2). A Benjamite runs with the news to Eli; who, hearing of the capture of the ark, falls from his seat, and breaks his neck, 1 Samuel 4:12-18. All Israel shouted so loudly that the earth shook: Someone passing by Israel’s camp would think something tremendous was happening. 2 Samuel 4 – The Assassination of Ishbosheth A. Ishbosheth is murdered. 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